A cell-regulatory mechanism involving feedback between contraction and tissue formation guides wound healing progression
Financiación FP7 / Fp7 Funds
Resumen: Wound healing is a process driven by cells. The ability of cells to sense mechanical stimuli from the extracellular matrix that surrounds them is used to regulate the forces that cells exert on the tissue. Stresses exerted by cells play a central role in wound contraction and have been broadly modelled. Traditionally, these stresses are assumed to be dependent on variables such as the extracellular matrix and cell or collagen densities. However, we postulate that cells are able to regulate the healing process through a mechanosensing mechanism regulated by the contraction that they exert. We propose that cells adjust the contraction level to determine the tissue functions regulating all main activities, such as proliferation, differentiation and matrix production. Hence, a closed-regulatory feedback loop is proposed between contraction and tissue formation. The model consists of a system of partial differential equations that simulates the evolution of fibroblasts, myofibroblasts, collagen and a generic growth factor, as well as the deformation of the extracellular matrix. This model is able to predict the wound healing outcome without requiring the addition of phenomenological laws to describe the time-dependent contraction evolution. We have reproduced two in vivo experiments to evaluate the predictive capacity of the model, and we conclude that there is feedback between the level of cell contraction and the tissue regenerated in the wound.
Idioma: Inglés
DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0092774
Año: 2014
Publicado en: PLoS One 9, 9 (2014), [10 p.]
ISSN: 1932-6203

Factor impacto JCR: 3.234 (2014)
Categ. JCR: MULTIDISCIPLINARY SCIENCES rank: 9 / 57 = 0.158 (2014) - Q1 - T1
Factor impacto SCIMAGO:

Financiación: info:eu-repo/grantAgreement/EUR/FP7/ERC2012-StG-306751
Financiación: info:eu-repo/grantAgreement/ES/MINECO/BES-2010-037281
Financiación: info:eu-repo/grantAgreement/ES/MINECO/DPI2012-32880
Tipo y forma: Article (Published version)
Área (Departamento): Mec. de Medios Contínuos y Teor. de Estructuras (Departamento de Ingeniería Mecánica)

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