GDOC-2015-2968

Paisajes culturales - [30752]


Curso: 2015-2016

Universidad de Zaragoza, Zaragoza

Titulación: Graduado en Estudios en Arquitectura

Idioma: Español

Profesor(es): Díez Medina, Carmen ; Sánchez Lampreave, Ricardo

Resumen: En esta asignatura se entiende el concepto de “Paisaje cultural” desde la consciencia de que la arquitectura y el urbanismo tienen lugar en realidades complejas, constituidas por componentes naturales y culturales, tangibles e intangibles, que pasan a formar parte del propio proyecto. La arquitectura, la música, la pintura, la filosofía, la ciencia moderna, etc. se producen estrechamente vinculadas a una cultura que se ha ido sedimentando paulatinamente, dando lugar a diversas tradiciones. El estudio de la arquitectura y de los proyectos urbanos desde una perspectiva histórica que permita identificar determinados paisajes culturales como clave para entender e intervenir en el presente es el objetivo principal de esta asignatura. Como dijo Carl O. Sauer, uno de los pioneros en considerar la cultura como agente activo en el proceso de conformación de un determinado territorio: “The cultural landscape is fashioned from a natural landscape by a cultural group. Culture is the agent, the natural area is the medium, the cultural landscape is the result." De acuerdo con esta definición, el objetivo de esta asignatura durante el curso 2014-2015 será investigar y profundizar en una serie de proyectos de carácter urbano, fundamentalmente europeos y centrados en el ámbito de la vivienda, poniéndolos en relación con experiencias culturales relevantes que han creado una identidad arquitectónica de singular valor dentro del ámbito de lo que se podría considerar una determinada tradición. El programa desarrollado presenta de este modo un recorrido por la historia de la ciudad y del planeamiento urbano en Europa desde principios de siglo XX hasta los años ochenta, empleando como hilo conductor la perspectiva de la vivienda, en el que se han definido las siguientes etapas:   PC.01. Garden cities (1893-1920s) PC.02. City beautiful (1893-1920s) PC.03. Social democracy and housing strategies 01. Red Vienna (1919-33) PC.04. Social democracy and housing strategies 02. Siedlungen in the Republic of Weimar (1919-33) PC.05. The CIAMs' modern urbanism – The Athens Charter and the Team X (1930s-60s) PC.06. Planning as ideology (1): Franco's “poblados” in Spain PC.07. Planning as ideology (2): Neo-Realism in Italy (1940s-50s) PC.08. Welfare Planning in France, The Netherlands, the Scandinavian Countries, the United Kingdom… (1945-70s) PC.09. An Experiment in Freedom (1960s) PC.10. Utopian Regulations (1920s-1960s-1970s) Se pretende, así, ofrecer una visión global del hecho urbano en la Europa del siglo XX, relacionando las técnicas, actuaciones y la propia idea de la ciudad desarrolladas en la Europa continental con aquellas generadas en el contexto anglosajón, en consonancia con el planteamiento transnacional y transversal de la asignatura.   English In this course, the concept of "cultural Landscape" is understood within the consciousness that architecture and urban planning and design take place in complex realities, made of natural and cultural, tangible and intangible components that become part of the design project itself. Modern architecture, music, painting, and science, develop in close relationship with a cultural reality that has been produce through a process of progressive sedimentation, giving birth to different traditions. The study of architecture and urban design from a historical perspective that allows us to identify certain cultural landscapes as a key to understand and intervene in our present world is the main goal of this course. Quoting Carl O. Sauer, one of the pioneers in considering culture as an active agent in the process of configuration of a certain territory, “[t]he cultural landscape is fashioned from a natural landscape by a cultural group. Culture is the agent, the natural area is the medium, the cultural landscape is the result." Following this definition, the goal of this course for the academic year 2014-2015 will be to research and deepen into a series of urban projects. Those projects, mainly located in Europe and focused on housing, will be analyzed in relation with culturally relevant experiences that have created a significant cultural identity within the context of a certain tradition. Thus, the program designed for the course traces an itinerary through the history of the XX Century city and urban planning in Europe since the 1900s to the 1980s, using housing design as a common thread:   PC.01. Garden cities (1893-1920s) PC.02. City beautiful (1893-1920s) PC.03. Social democracy and housing strategies 01. Red Vienna (1919-33) PC.04. Social democracy and housing strategies 02. Siedlungen in the Republic of Weimar (1919-33) PC.05. The CIAMs' modern urbanism – The Athens Charter and the Team X (1930s-60s) PC.06. Planning as ideology (1): Franco's “poblados” in Spain PC.07. Planning as ideology (2): Neo-Realism in Italy (1940s-50s) PC.08. Welfare Planning in France, The Netherlands, the Scandinavian Countries, the United Kingdom… (1945-70s) PC.09. An Experiment in Freedom (1960s) PC.10. Utopian Regulations (1920s-1960s-1970s)   This historical tour aims at offering a global view of the urban fact in XX Century Europe, linking the techniques, intervention, and the very concept of the city developed in continental Europe with those generated in the Anglo-Saxon world, in line with the transnational and transversal spirit of the course.

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Academic resources > Academic guides > Guías docentes: Curso 2015-2016



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