Effects of tributyltin chloride on cybrids with or without an ATP synthase pathologic mutation

López-Gallardo, E. (Universidad de Zaragoza) ; Llobet, L. (Universidad de Zaragoza) ; Emperador, S. ; Montoya, J. (Universidad de Zaragoza) ; Ruiz-Pesini, E. (Universidad de Zaragoza)
Effects of tributyltin chloride on cybrids with or without an ATP synthase pathologic mutation
Resumen: Background: The oxidative phosphorylation system (OXPHOS) includes nuclear chromosome (nDNA)– and mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA)–encoded polypeptides. Many rare OXPHOS disorders, such as striatal necrosis syndromes, are caused by genetic mutations. Despite important advances in sequencing procedures, causative mutations remain undetected in some patients. It is possible that etiologic factors, such as environmental toxins, are the cause of these cases. Indeed, the inhibition of a particular enzyme by a poison could imitate the biochemical effects of pathological mutations in that enzyme. Moreover, environmental factors can modify the penetrance or expressivity of pathological mutations. Objectives: We studied the interaction between mitochondrially encoded ATP synthase 6 (p.MT-ATP6) subunit and an environmental exposure that may contribute phenotypic differences between healthy individuals and patients suffering from striatal necrosis syndromes or other mitochondriopathies. Methods: We analyzed the effects of the ATP synthase inhibitor tributyltin chloride (TBTC), a widely distributed environmental factor that contaminates human food and water, on transmitochondrial cell lines with or without an ATP synthase mutation that causes striatal necrosis syndrome. Doses were selected based on TBTC concentrations previously reported in human whole blood samples. Results: TBTC modified the phenotypic effects caused by a pathological mtDNA mutation. Interestingly, wild-type cells treated with this xenobiotic showed similar bioenergetics when compared with the untreated mutated cells. Conclusions: In addition to the known genetic causes, our findings suggest that environmental exposure to TBTC might contribute to the etiology of striatal necrosis syndromes.
Idioma: Inglés
DOI: 10.1289/EHP182
Año: 2016
Publicado en: ENVIRONMENTAL HEALTH PERSPECTIVES 124, 9 (2016), 1399-1405
ISSN: 0091-6765

Factor impacto JCR: 9.776 (2016)
Categ. JCR: ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES rank: 4 / 229 = 0.017 (2016) - Q1 - T1
Categ. JCR: TOXICOLOGY rank: 2 / 92 = 0.022 (2016) - Q1 - T1
Categ. JCR: PUBLIC, ENVIRONMENTAL & OCCUPATIONAL HEALTH rank: 4 / 176 = 0.023 (2016) - Q1 - T1

Factor impacto SCIMAGO: 3.13 - Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health (Q1) - Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis (Q1)

Financiación: info:eu-repo/grantAgreement/ES/DGA/B33
Financiación: info:eu-repo/grantAgreement/ES/FIS/FI12/00217
Financiación: info:eu-repo/grantAgreement/ES/FIS/PI14-00070
Tipo y forma: Article (Published version)
Área (Departamento): Area Histología (Dpto. Anatom.Histolog.Humanas)
Área (Departamento): Área Bioquímica y Biolog.Mole. (Dpto. Bioq.Biolog.Mol. Celular)

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