000061537 001__ 61537
000061537 005__ 20190529115222.0
000061537 0247_ $$2doi$$a10.1126/sciadv.1600451
000061537 0248_ $$2sideral$$a98916
000061537 037__ $$aART-2016-98916
000061537 041__ $$aeng
000061537 100__ $$aPoncela-Casasnovas, Julia
000061537 245__ $$aHumans display a reduced set of consistent behavioral phenotypes in dyadic games
000061537 260__ $$c2016
000061537 5060_ $$aAccess copy available to the general public$$fUnrestricted
000061537 5203_ $$aSocially relevant situations that involve strategic interactions are widespread among animals and humans alike. To
study these situations, theoretical and experimental research has adopted a game theoretical perspective, generating
valuable insights about human behavior. However, most of the results reported so far have been obtained from a
population perspective and considered one specific conflicting situation at a time. This makes it difficult to extract
conclusions about the consistency of individuals’ behavior when facing different situations and to define a comprehensive
classification of the strategies underlying the observed behaviors. We present the results of a lab-in-thefield
experiment in which subjects face four different dyadic games, with the aim of establishing general behavioral
rules dictating individuals’ actions. By analyzing our datawith an unsupervised clustering algorithm, we find that all
the subjects conform, with a large degree of consistency, to a limited number of behavioral phenotypes (envious,
optimist, pessimist, and trustful), with only a small fraction of undefined subjects. We also discuss the possible connections
to existing interpretations based on a priori theoretical approaches. Our findings provide a relevant
contribution to the experimental and theoretical efforts toward the identification of basic behavioral phenotypes
in a wider set of contexts without aprioristic assumptions regarding the rules or strategies behind actions. From
this perspective, our work contributes to a fact-based approach to the study of human behavior in strategic situations,
which could be applied to simulating societies, policy-making scenario building, and even a variety of
business applications.
000061537 536__ $$9info:eu-repo/grantAgreement/ES/MINECO/FIS2012-38266-C02-01$$9info:eu-repo/grantAgreement/ES/MINECO/FIS2011-25167$$9info:eu-repo/grantAgreement/EC/FP7/317532/EU/Foundational Research on MULTIlevel comPLEX networks and systems/MULTIPLEX$$9info:eu-repo/grantAgreement/ES/DGA/FENOL-GROUP
000061537 540__ $$9info:eu-repo/semantics/openAccess$$aby-nc$$uhttp://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/3.0/es/
000061537 655_4 $$ainfo:eu-repo/semantics/article$$vinfo:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion
000061537 700__ $$aGutiérrez-Roig, Mario
000061537 700__ $$0(orcid)0000-0002-9769-8796$$aGracia Lázaro, Carlos
000061537 700__ $$aVicens, Julian
000061537 700__ $$0(orcid)0000-0002-3484-6413$$aGómez-Gardeñes, Jesús$$uUniversidad de Zaragoza
000061537 700__ $$aPerelló, Josep
000061537 700__ $$0(orcid)0000-0002-0895-1893$$aMoreno, Yamir$$uUniversidad de Zaragoza
000061537 700__ $$aDuch, Jordi
000061537 700__ $$aSánchez, Angel
000061537 7102_ $$12004$$2405$$aUniversidad de Zaragoza$$bDpto. Física Teórica$$cÁrea Física Teórica
000061537 7102_ $$12003$$2395$$aUniversidad de Zaragoza$$bDpto. Física Materia Condensa.$$cÁrea Física Materia Condensada
000061537 773__ $$g2, 8 (2016), e1600451$$pSci. Adv.$$tScience Advances$$x2375-2548
000061537 8564_ $$s393668$$uhttp://zaguan.unizar.es/record/61537/files/texto_completo.pdf$$yVersión publicada
000061537 8564_ $$s137563$$uhttp://zaguan.unizar.es/record/61537/files/texto_completo.jpg?subformat=icon$$xicon$$yVersión publicada
000061537 909CO $$ooai:zaguan.unizar.es:61537$$particulos$$pdriver
000061537 951__ $$a2019-05-29-11:42:21
000061537 980__ $$aARTICLE