Environmental impacts of promoting new public transport systems in urban mobility: A case study
Resumen: Urban mobility is highly dependent on private vehicles causing pollution, traffic congestion and traffic accidents. The tram has become one of the most relevant public transport modes in those cities which need to reduce the private vehicle dependency. However, the implementation of this kind of infrastructure must be done carefully to avoid unsuccessful route designs which make the system unfeasible to operate. With the aim of analysing the impact that a tram can cause in a city, an original methodology has been developed, which takes into account the effect of the new transport system implementation on three subimpacts: traffic, public bus and outskirts neighbourhoods. This methodology uses different data sources from urban traffic, environmental and energy systems. The methodology has been applied to the city of Zaragoza (Spain) with a current population of around 700, 000 inhabitants. The main results found were that tram line 1 saves 6% of the annual final energy consumption of urban mobility, urban traffic has decreased by 7.7% in the city as a whole and by 39.7% for streets close to the tramway.
Idioma: Inglés
DOI: 10.13044/j.sdewes.d5.0143
Año: 2017
Publicado en: Journal of sustainable development of energy, water and environment systems 5, 3 (2017), 377-395
ISSN: 1848-9257

Factor impacto SCIMAGO: 0.321 - Energy Engineering and Power Technology (Q3) - Water Science and Technology (Q3) - Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment (Q3) - Environmental Science (miscellaneous) (Q3)

Tipo y forma: Article (Published version)
Área (Departamento): Área Máquinas y Motores Térmi. (Dpto. Ingeniería Mecánica)

Creative Commons You must give appropriate credit, provide a link to the license, and indicate if changes were made. You may do so in any reasonable manner, but not in any way that suggests the licensor endorses you or your use.


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