Colorectal cancer population screening programs worldwide in 2016: An update
Resumen: Colorectal cancer (CRC) is the third most commonly diagnosed cancer in the world. The incidence and mortality show wide geographical variations. Screening is recommended to reduce both incidence and mortality. However, there are significant differences among studies in implementation strategies and detection. This review aimed to present the results and strategies of different screening programs worldwide. We reviewed the literature on national and international screening programs published in PubMed, on web pages, and in clinical guidelines. CRC Screening programs are currently underway in most European countries, Canada, specific regions in North and South America, Asia, and Oceania. The most extensive screening strategies were based on fecal occult blood testing, and more recently, the fecal immunochemical test (FIT). Participation in screening has varied greatly among different programs. The Netherlands showed the highest participation rate (68.2%) and some areas of Canada showed the lowest (16%). Participation rates were highest among women and in programs that used the FIT test. Men exhibited the greatest number of positive results. The FIT test has been the most widely used screening program worldwide. The advent of this test has increased participation rates and the detection of positive results.
Idioma: Inglés
DOI: 10.3748/wjg.v23.i20.3632
Año: 2017
Publicado en: WORLD JOURNAL OF GASTROENTEROLOGY 23, 20 (2017), 3632-3642
ISSN: 1007-9327

Factor impacto JCR: 3.3 (2017)
Categ. JCR: GASTROENTEROLOGY & HEPATOLOGY rank: 35 / 80 = 0.438 (2017) - Q2 - T2
Factor impacto SCIMAGO: 1.409 - Medicine (miscellaneous) (Q1) - Gastroenterology (Q1)

Tipo y forma: Review (Published version)
Área (Departamento): Area Medicina (Dpto. Medicina, Psiqu. y Derm.)

Creative Commons You must give appropriate credit, provide a link to the license, and indicate if changes were made. You may do so in any reasonable manner, but not in any way that suggests the licensor endorses you or your use.


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