Functional redundancy and ecological innovation shape the circulation of tick-transmitted pathogens
Financiación FP7 / Fp7 Funds
Resumen: Ticks are vectors of pathogens affecting human and animal health worldwide. Nevertheless, the ecological and evolutionary interactions between ticks, hosts, and pathogens are largely unknown. Here, we integrated a framework to evaluate the associations of the tick Ixodes ricinus with its hosts and environmental niches that impact pathogen circulation. The analysis of tick-hosts association suggested that mammals and lizards were the ancestral hosts of this tick species, and that a leap to Aves occurred around 120 M years ago. The signature of the environmental variables over the host''s phylogeny revealed the existence of two clades of vertebrates diverging along a temperature and vegetation split. This is a robust proof that the tick probably experienced a colonization of new niches by adapting to a large set of new hosts, Aves. Interestingly, the colonization of Aves as hosts did not increase significantly the ecological niche of I. ricinus, but remarkably Aves are super-spreaders of pathogens. The disparate contribution of Aves to the tick-host-pathogen networks revealed that I. ricinus evolved to maximize habitat overlap with some hosts that are super-spreaders of pathogens. These results supported the hypothesis that large host networks are not a requirement of tick survival but pathogen circulation. The biological cost of tick adaptation to non-optimal environmental conditions might be balanced by molecular mechanisms triggered by the pathogens that we have only begun to understand.
Idioma: Inglés
DOI: 10.3389/fcimb.2017.00234
Año: 2017
Publicado en: Frontiers in cellular and infection microbiology 7, MAY (2017), 234 [11 pp]
ISSN: 2235-2988

Factor impacto JCR: 3.52 (2017)
Categ. JCR: MICROBIOLOGY rank: 40 / 125 = 0.32 (2017) - Q2 - T1
Categ. JCR: IMMUNOLOGY rank: 64 / 155 = 0.413 (2017) - Q2 - T2

Factor impacto SCIMAGO: 1.703 - Medicine (miscellaneous) (Q1) - Infectious Diseases (Q1) - Microbiology (medical) (Q1) - Microbiology (Q1) - Immunology (Q2)

Financiación: info:eu-repo/grantAgreement/EUR/COST/TD1303
Financiación: info:eu-repo/grantAgreement/EC/FP7/278976/EU/ANTIcipating the Global Onset of Novel Epidemics/ANTIGONE
Tipo y forma: Article (Published version)
Área (Departamento): Área Sanidad Animal (Dpto. Patología Animal)

Creative Commons You must give appropriate credit, provide a link to the license, and indicate if changes were made. You may do so in any reasonable manner, but not in any way that suggests the licensor endorses you or your use.


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