Proposal of a production and management index (PMI) for tilapia farms
Resumen: Tilapia is one of the most important species in aquaculture; however, there is no available index to show the performance of a production unit. It is desirable to assess the productivity using indexes, such as the production and management index for shrimps and the European production efficacy factor for broilers. These indexes are based on data production: growth, survival, and feed conversion of a full production cycle. Taking into account these parameters, we propose a production and management index (PMI) for tilapia that is applicable for a specific period of the production cycle. For the construction and validation of the PMI we have used production data from 8, 614 monthly records of 2 tilapia farms in Huila Department (Colombia), and because of the complexity of tilapia management, different anomalous situations have been detected and then defined as exceptions. As a result, 419 records were considered extreme values because 1 or more exceptions were met. The value of the PMI varies from 0 (the worst situation) to 3.55, which reflects high variability. We have constructed a PMI for tilapia as the product of 3 elements to obtain a positive value index. Instead of classic parameters, we had to calculate an adapted version of them: the relative average daily growth, the survival (as a complementary value of the estimated monthly mortality), and a feed conversion ratio index. To assess the utility of the PMI, some comparisons were performed using records from black and red tilapia. We observed significant differences depending on tilapia strain (PMIblack = 1.0248 vs. PMIred = 1.1661; P < 0.001), age (better values for small fish), and season (PMIrainy = 1.0847 vs. PMIdry = 1.1011; P = 0.026). According to these results, we can conclude that the PMI could be a useful tool for tilapia farmers, despite the complexity of the calculation.
Idioma: Inglés
DOI: 10.2527/jas.2016-0605
Año: 2016
Publicado en: JOURNAL OF ANIMAL SCIENCE 94, 11 (2016), 4872-4881
ISSN: 0021-8812

Originalmente disponible en: Texto completo de la revista

Factor impacto JCR: 1.863 (2016)
Categ. JCR: AGRICULTURE, DAIRY & ANIMAL SCIENCE rank: 8 / 57 = 0.14 (2016) - Q1 - T1
Factor impacto SCIMAGO: 1.034 - Animal Science and Zoology (Q1) - Medicine (miscellaneous) (Q1) - Food Science (Q1) - Genetics (Q2)

Tipo y forma: Article (Published version)
Área (Departamento): Área Sanidad Animal (Dpto. Patología Animal)

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