Environmental assessment of a nano-technological aerogel-based panel for building insulation
Resumen: This study assesses the life-cycle environmental implications linked to the energy efficiency improvement by a nano-technological aerogel based panel insulation solution. A cradle to grave approach has been taken for the environmental evaluation of the product life-cycle, including its integration in an existing residential building for the evaluation of the building''s use phase. The model developed has been also assessed in the 5 European climate zones, evaluating the different performance due to the different weather conditions and the effect of increasing the thickness used. Also, an evaluation of the impacts achieved depending on the heating source used, together with the comparative analysis with other traditional insulation materials complete the paper. This innovative aerogel based panel takes advantage of nanotechnology to increase its lifetime and reduce its thickness, in-building installation time and cost in comparison to conventional insulating materials. As a result, due to its low thermal conductivity (0.015 W/mK), only 10 mm aerogel based insulation panel is needed to achieve the same level of insulation of 25 mm thickness of standard Expanded Polystyrene Panel. This difference increases when the passive house requirements of façade thermal insulation are considered with thermal transmittance values in the range between 0.1 and 0.15 W/(m2K). From the results, a reasonable thickness of insulation material is available only with Aeropan in comparison to Expanded Polystyrene, Extruded Polystyrene and Mineral Wool, demonstrating its suitability in the accomplishment of passive house requirements with a significant reduction of the space needed. Thus, net life-cycle environmental benefits were found in all scenarios making this product suitable for the retrofitting of existing buildings by both, external or internal thermal insulation, minimizing at the same time the space occupied by the insulation solution.
Idioma: Inglés
DOI: 10.1016/j.jclepro.2017.06.102
Año: 2017
Publicado en: Journal of Cleaner Production 161 (2017), 1404-1415
ISSN: 0959-6526

Factor impacto: 5.651 (2017)
Categ. JCR: ENGINEERING, ENVIRONMENTAL rank: 7 / 50 = 0.14 (2017) - Q1 - T1
Categ. JCR: GREEN & SUSTAINABLE SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY rank: 6 / 33 = 0.182 (2017) - Q1 - T1
Categ. JCR: ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES rank: 21 / 241 = 0.087 (2017) - Q1 - T1

Financiación: info:eu-repo/grantAgreement/ES/MICINN/ECO2012-332844
Tipo y forma: Artículo (PostPrint)
Área (Departamento): Área Máquinas y Motores Térmi. (Dpto. Ingeniería Mecánica)

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