Estudio evolutivo (2006-2012) de los hábitos cardiosaludables y factores de riesgo en una población estudiante

Gros Alcalde, Mónica
Gros Bañeres; María Belén (dir.)

Universidad de Zaragoza, MED, 2017
Medicina, Psiquiatría y Dermatología department, Medicina area

Graduado en Medicina

Tipo de Trabajo Académico: Trabajo Fin de Grado
Notas: Entrega de la memoria en el departamento de Medicina, psiquiatría y dermatología de la Facultad de Medicina de la Universidad de Zaragoza. Resumen disponible también en inglés: Cardiovascular diseases (CVD) are the main worldwide cause of death, In 2013 WHO established the "Global Plan of Action for the Prevention and Control of Non communicable Diseases 2013-2020". The aim is to reduce by 2025 the number of deaths associated with non communicable diseases by 25%, focusing specially on CVD. Acting on behavioral risk factors such as tobacco use, unhealthy diets and obesity, physical inactivity or harmful alcohol consumption, can prevent most CVDs using strategies that span the entire population. We carried out a prospective, descriptive and evolutionary study of risk factors and health habits in Veterinary Degree students of the University of Zaragoza during the years 2006-2012, carrying out a comparative analysis by sex and autonomous communities. Significant differences were observed in BMI degrees in the different sex, with a predominance of women in low weight and men in overweight cases (p <0.001). In the evolution over the years we found some significant differences in the different risk factors, as from 2009 there was a clear decrease in smokers higher than 10 cigarettes day (p = 0.04) as well as a clear decrease of women with excessive alcohol consumption (p = 0.018). It was also found a significant increase in the median daily fruit intake from 2009 (p = 0.012) and a notable decrease in the percentage of prehypertensive and hypertensive subjects in the last 3 years of the study (p = 0.015), from around 50 % To 26%. In the comparative analysis by different sex and autonomous communities, the predominance of cardiovascular risk factors in men is significant, except for the percentage of smokers, On the other hand Andalusia is the community with the highest percentage of almost all risk factors, although differences were only significant in the daily consumption of fruit and vegetables.

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trabajos-academicos-universidad-zaragoza > centro > facultad-de-medicina
trabajos-academicos-universidad-zaragoza > trabajos-fin-grado

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