000079764 001__ 79764
000079764 005__ 20190822140054.0
000079764 0247_ $$2doi$$a10.9734/ejmp/2019/v28i130123
000079764 0248_ $$2sideral$$a112607
000079764 037__ $$aART-2019-112607
000079764 041__ $$aeng
000079764 100__ $$aChakradhari, Suryakant
000079764 245__ $$aChemical composition of Caesalpinioideae seeds
000079764 260__ $$c2019
000079764 5060_ $$aAccess copy available to the general public$$fUnrestricted
000079764 5203_ $$aAims: Caesalpinioideae species have great medicinal and food values. In this work, six Caesalpinioideae species that grow abundantly in central India were selected for chemical investigation: Delonix regia, Entada gigas, Leucaena leucocephala, Mimosa pudica, Parkia javanica and Senna siamea. The objective of the present work is to describe the phytochemical and mineral composition and the bioaccumulation potentialities of the seeds from aforementioned species.

Methodology: Spectrophotometric, enzymatic and X-ray fluorescence spectrophotometric techniques were used for the quantification of polyphenols, starch and mineral contents, respectively.

Results: The sum of the total concentrations of 17 macro- and micronutrients (P, S, Cl, K, Rb, Mg, Ca, Sr, Cr, Mn, Fe, Co, Cu, Zn, Se, Mo and Pb), oil, protein and total starch in the six seeds were in the 20253-78489 mg/kg, 3.1-30.1%, 52.9-91.5% and 5.4–41.0% range, respectively. The highest concentrations of Fe, oil and phenolics were observed in M. pudica seeds. Both thermal and spectral characteristics allowed to differentiate M. pudica and P. javanica seeds (with the highest caloric contents) from the seeds from the other species.

Conclusion: The selected Caesalpinioideae seeds are potential sources of the nutrients (i.e., P, S, K, Mg, Ca and Fe) and polyphenols, which are needed for biological metabolism and human health. The presence of heavy metals was well below safety limits, enabling their medicinal uses.
000079764 540__ $$9info:eu-repo/semantics/openAccess$$aby$$uhttp://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/es/
000079764 655_4 $$ainfo:eu-repo/semantics/article$$vinfo:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion
000079764 700__ $$aPatel, Khageshwar S.
000079764 700__ $$aTowett, Erick K.
000079764 700__ $$aMartín Gil, Jesús
000079764 700__ $$0(orcid)0000-0003-2713-2786$$aMartín Ramos, Pablo$$uUniversidad de Zaragoza
000079764 7102_ $$15011$$2500$$aUniversidad de Zaragoza$$bDpto. CC.Agrar.y Medio Natural$$cArea Ingeniería Agroforestal
000079764 773__ $$g28, 1 (2019), 48409 [12 pp.]$$pEur. J. Med. Plants$$tEuropean Journal of Medicinal Plants$$x2231-0894
000079764 8564_ $$s672652$$uhttp://zaguan.unizar.es/record/79764/files/texto_completo.pdf$$yVersión publicada
000079764 8564_ $$s83588$$uhttp://zaguan.unizar.es/record/79764/files/texto_completo.jpg?subformat=icon$$xicon$$yVersión publicada
000079764 909CO $$ooai:zaguan.unizar.es:79764$$particulos$$pdriver
000079764 951__ $$a2019-08-22-13:24:41
000079764 980__ $$aARTICLE