Energy management in microgrids with renewable energy sources: A literature review
Resumen: Renewable energy sources have emerged as an alternative to meet the growing demand for energy, mitigate climate change, and contribute to sustainable development. The integration of these systems is carried out in a distributed manner via microgrid systems; this provides a set of technological solutions that allows information exchange between the consumers and the distributed generation centers, which implies that they need to be managed optimally. Energy management in microgrids is defined as an information and control system that provides the necessary functionality, which ensures that both the generation and distribution systems supply energy at minimal operational costs. This paper presents a literature review of energy management in microgrid systems using renewable energies, along with a comparative analysis of the different optimization objectives, constraints, solution approaches, and simulation tools applied to both the interconnected and isolated microgrids. To manage the intermittent nature of renewable energy, energy storage technology is considered to be an attractive option due to increased technological maturity, energy density, and capability of providing grid services such as frequency response. Finally, future directions on predictive modeling mainly for energy storage systems are also proposed.
Idioma: Inglés
DOI: 10.3390/app9183854
Año: 2019
Publicado en: Applied Sciences (Switzerland) 9, 18 (2019), 3854 [28 pp.]
ISSN: 2076-3417

Factor impacto SCIMAGO:

Financiación: info:eu-repo/grantAgreement/ES/DGA/28850
Tipo y forma: Review (Published version)
Área (Departamento): Área Ingeniería Eléctrica (Dpto. Ingeniería Eléctrica)

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