A fault-tolerant last level cache for CMPs operating at ultra-low voltage

Ferrerón, A. ; Alastruey-Benedé, J. (Universidad de Zaragoza) ; Suárez Gracia, D. (Universidad de Zaragoza) ; Monreal Arnal, T. ; Ibáñez Marín, P. (Universidad de Zaragoza) ; Viñals Yúfera, V. (Universidad de Zaragoza)
A fault-tolerant last level cache for CMPs operating at ultra-low voltage
Resumen: Voltage scaling to values near the threshold voltage is a promising technique to hold off the many-core power wall. However, as voltage decreases, some SRAM cells are unable to operate reliably and show a behavior consistent with a hard fault. Block disabling is a micro-architectural technique that allows low-voltage operation by deactivating faulty cache entries, at the expense of reducing the effective cache capacity. In the case of the last-level cache, this capacity reduction leads to an increase in off-chip memory accesses, diminishing the overall energy benefit of reducing the voltage supply. In this work, we exploit the reuse locality and the intrinsic redundancy of multi-level inclusive hierarchies to enhance the performance of block disabling with negligible cost. The proposed fault-aware last-level cache management policy maps critical blocks, those not present in private caches and with a higher probability of being reused, to active cache entries. Our evaluation shows that this fault-aware management results in up to 37.3% and 54.2% fewer misses per kilo instruction (MPKI) than block disabling for multiprogrammed and parallel workloads, respectively. This translates to performance enhancements of up to 13% and 34.6% for multiprogrammed and parallel workloads, respectively.
Idioma: Inglés
DOI: 10.1016/j.jpdc.2018.10.010
Año: 2019
ISSN: 0743-7315

Factor impacto JCR: 2.296 (2019)
Categ. JCR: COMPUTER SCIENCE, THEORY & METHODS rank: 35 / 108 = 0.324 (2019) - Q2 - T1
Factor impacto SCIMAGO: 0.525 - Artificial Intelligence (Q2) - Computer Networks and Communications (Q2) - Hardware and Architecture (Q2) - Software (Q2) - Theoretical Computer Science (Q3)

Financiación: info:eu-repo/grantAgreement/ES/DGA/T58-17R
Financiación: info:eu-repo/grantAgreement/ES/MINECO/TIN2015-65316-P
Financiación: info:eu-repo/grantAgreement/ES/MINECO/TIN2016-76635-C2-1-R
Tipo y forma: Article (PostPrint)
Área (Departamento): Área Arquit.Tecnología Comput. (Dpto. Informát.Ingenie.Sistms.)

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