The effect of self-efficacy expectations in the adherence to a gluten free diet in celiac disease

Fueyo-Díaz, R. (Universidad de Zaragoza) ; Magallón-Botaya, R. (Universidad de Zaragoza) ; Gascón-Santos, S. (Universidad de Zaragoza) ; Asensio-Martínez, Á. (Universidad de Zaragoza) ; Palacios-Navarro, G. (Universidad de Zaragoza) ; Sebastián-Domingo, J.J. (Universidad de Zaragoza)
The effect of self-efficacy expectations in the adherence to a gluten free diet in celiac disease
Resumen: Objective: To analyse the effect of general and specific self-efficacy on the adherence to a gluten free diet (GFD) in patients with celiac disease along with the effect of other relevant variables. Design: 271 patients with celiac disease participated in this transversal descriptive study and completed a series of questionnaires regarding adherence (CDAT), general self-efficacy (GSES) and specific self-efficacy (Celiac-SE) and quality of life (CD-Qol), among others. Main Outcome Measures: Dependent variable was adherence to the Gluten Free Diet (GFD). Main independent variables were general self-efficacy, specific self-efficacy and quality of life. Model tests were conducted using regression analysis. Results: 71.9% of patients show an excellent or good adherence to the diet. Higher levels of adherence are positively associated to a high expectancy of specific self-efficacy, to the perceived adoption of recommended behaviours, risk perception and better quality of life (these variables accounted for 36.4% of the variance in the adherence to a GFD, p <.001). Conclusions: Specific self-efficacy rather than general has a predictive value in adherence to a GFD. Therefore, we need to develop and transculturally adapt new instruments to assess specific self-efficacy. Celiac-SE has proved to be a useful scale for this objective.
Idioma: Inglés
DOI: 10.1080/08870446.2019.1675658
Año: 2020
Publicado en: Psychology and Health 35, 6 (2020), 734-749
ISSN: 0887-0446

Factor impacto SCIMAGO:

Financiación: info:eu-repo/grantAgreement/ES/ISCIII/PI16-00570
Tipo y forma: Artículo (PostPrint)
Área (Departamento): Área Psicología Básica (Dpto. Psicología y Sociología)
Área (Departamento): Área Tecnología Electrónica (Dpto. Ingeniería Electrón.Com.)
Área (Departamento): Area Medicina (Dpto. Medicina, Psiqu. y Derm.)
Área (Departamento): Área Psicolog.Evolut.Educac (Dpto. Psicología y Sociología)
Área (Departamento): Área Person.Eval.Trat.Psicoló. (Dpto. Psicología y Sociología)


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