Association Between Physical Fitness and Bone Strength and Structure in 3- to 5-Year-Old Children

Gómez-Bruton, A. (Universidad de Zaragoza) ; Marín-Puyalto, J. (Universidad de Zaragoza) ; Muñiz-Pardos, B. ; Lozano-Berges, G. (Universidad de Zaragoza) ; Cadenas-Sanchez, C. ; Matute-Llorente, A. (Universidad de Zaragoza) ; Gómez-Cabello, A. ; Moreno, L.A. (Universidad de Zaragoza) ; Gonzalez-Agüero, A. (Universidad de Zaragoza) ; Casajus, J.A. (Universidad de Zaragoza) ; Vicente-Rodríguez, G. (Universidad de Zaragoza)
Association Between Physical Fitness and Bone Strength and Structure in 3- to 5-Year-Old Children
Resumen: Background: The positive association between physical fitness and bone structure has been widely investigated in children and adolescents, yet no studies have evaluated this influence in young children (ie, preschoolers).
Hypothesis: Fit children will present improved bone variables when compared with unfit children, and no sex-based differences will emerge in the sample. Study Design: Cross-sectional study.
Level of Evidence: Level 3. Methods: Handgrip strength, standing long jump (SLJ), speed/agility, balance, and cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF) were assessed using the Assessing FITness levels in PREschoolers (PREFIT) test battery in 92 children (50 boys; age range, 3-5 years). A peripheral quantitative computed tomography scan was performed at 38% of the length of the nondominant tibia. Cluster analysis from handgrip strength, SLJ, speed/agility, and CRF was developed to identify fitness groups. Bone variables were compared between sexes and between cluster groups. The association between individual physical fitness components and different bone variables was also tested.
Results: Three cluster groups emerged: fit (high values on all included physical fitness variables), strong (high strength values and low speed/agility and CRF), and unfit (low strength, speed/agility, and CRF). The fit group presented higher values than the strong and unfit groups for total and cortical bone mineral content, cortical area, and polar strength strain index (all P < 0.05). The fit group also presented a higher cortical thickness when compared with the unfit group (P < 0.05). Handgrip, SLJ, and speed/agility predicted all bone variables except for total and cortical volumetric bone mineral density. No differences were found for bone variables between sexes.
Conclusion: The results suggest that global fitness in preschoolers is a key determinant for bone structure and strength but not volumetric bone mineral density.
Clinical Relevance: Physical fitness is a determinant for tibial bone mineral content, structure, and strength in very young children. Performing physical fitness tests could provide useful information related to bone health in preschoolers.

Idioma: Inglés
DOI: 10.1177/1941738120913645
Año: 2020
Publicado en: Sports Health 12, 5 (2020), 431-440
ISSN: 1941-7381

Factor impacto JCR: 3.843 (2020)
Categ. JCR: SPORT SCIENCES rank: 24 / 88 = 0.273 (2020) - Q2 - T1
Factor impacto SCIMAGO: 1.212 - Physical Therapy, Sports Therapy and Rehabilitation (Q1) - Orthopedics and Sports Medicine (Q1)

Financiación: info:eu-repo/grantAgreement/ES/MEC/FPU014-04302
Financiación: info:eu-repo/grantAgreement/ES/MICINN/EXERNET-DEP2005-00046
Financiación: info:eu-repo/grantAgreement/ES/MINECO/BES-2014-068829
Financiación: info:eu-repo/grantAgreement/ES/RETICS-ISCIII-ERDF/RD16-0022
Financiación: info:eu-repo/grantAgreement/ES/UZ/JIUZ-2014-BIO-08
Tipo y forma: Article (PostPrint)
Área (Departamento): Área Enfermería (Dpto. Fisiatría y Enfermería)
Área (Departamento): Área Educación Física y Depor. (Dpto. Fisiatría y Enfermería)

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