Designing Hydrogel-Based Bone-On-Chips for Personalized Medicine
Financiación H2020 / H2020 Funds
Resumen: The recent development of bone-on-chips (BOCs) holds the main advantage of requiring a low quantity of cells and material, compared to traditional In Vitro models. By incorporating hydrogels within BOCs, the culture system moved to a three dimensional culture environment for cells which is more representative of bone tissue matrix and function. The fundamental components of hydrogel-based BOCs, namely the cellular sources, the hydrogel and the culture chamber, have been tuned to mimic the hematopoietic niche in the bone aspirate marrow, cancer bone metastasis and osteo/chondrogenic differentiation. In this review, we examine the entire process of developing hydrogel-based BOCs to model In Vitro a patient specific situation. First, we provide bone biological understanding for BOCs design and then how hydrogel structural and mechanical properties can be tuned to meet those requirements. This is followed by a review on hydrogel-based BOCs, developed in the last 10 years, in terms of culture chamber design, hydrogel and cell source used. Finally, we provide guidelines for the definition of personalized pathological and physiological bone microenvironments. This review covers the information on bone, hydrogel and BOC that are required to develop personalized therapies for bone disease, by recreating clinically relevant scenarii in miniaturized devices
Idioma: Inglés
DOI: 10.3390/app11104495
Año: 2021
Publicado en: APPLIED SCIENCES-BASEL 11, 10 (2021), 11104495 [20 pp.]
ISSN: 2076-3417

Financiación: info:eu-repo/grantAgreement/EC/H2020/722535/EU/Predictive models and simulations in bone regeneration: a multiscale patient-specific approach/CuraBone
Tipo y forma: Article (Published version)

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Exportado de SIDERAL (2021-06-03-11:43:29)

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