Effects of occipital-atlas stabilization in the upper cervical spine kinematics: an in vitro study
Resumen: This study compares upper cervical spine range of motion (ROM) in the three cardinal planes before and after occiput-atlas (C0–C1) stabilization. After the dissection of the superficial structures to the alar ligament and the fixation of C2, ten cryopreserved upper cervical columns were manually mobilized in the three cardinal planes of movement without and with a screw stabilization of C0–C1. Upper cervical ROM and mobilization force were measured using the Vicon motion capture system and a load cell respectively. The ROM without C0–C1 stabilization was 19.8° ± 5.2° in flexion and 14.3° ± 7.7° in extension. With stabilization, the ROM was 11.5° ± 4.3° and 6.6° ± 3.5°, respectively. The ROM without C0–C1 stabilization was 4.7° ± 2.3° in right lateral flexion and 5.6° ± 3.2° in left lateral flexion. With stabilization, the ROM was 2.3° ± 1.4° and 2.3° ± 1.2°, respectively. The ROM without C0–C1 stabilization was 33.9° ± 6.7° in right rotation and 28.0° ± 6.9° in left rotation. With stabilization, the ROM was 28.5° ± 7.0° and 23.7° ± 8.5° respectively. Stabilization of C0–C1 reduced the upper cervical ROM by 46.9% in the sagittal plane, 55.3% in the frontal plane, and 15.6% in the transverse plane. Also, the resistance to movement during upper cervical mobilization increased following C0–C1 stabilization.
Idioma: Inglés
DOI: 10.1038/s41598-021-90052-6
Año: 2021
Publicado en: Scientific Reports 11 (2021), [13 pp.]
ISSN: 2045-2322

Tipo y forma: Article (Published version)
Área (Departamento): Área Ingen.e Infraestr.Transp. (Dpto. Ingeniería Mecánica)
Área (Departamento): Área Fisioterapia (Dpto. Fisiatría y Enfermería)

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Exportado de SIDERAL (2021-11-15-14:35:27)

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 Record created 2021-08-20, last modified 2021-11-17

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