The challenges of solar hybrid PVT systems in the food processing industry
Resumen: This paper assesses the challenges of alternative solar systems based on hybrid PVT collectors coupled with an absorption chiller (AbCH, single-stage NH3-H2O) in the food-processing industry, from the technical, economic and environmental points of view. This type of industry is usually characterised by a constant cooling demand throughout the year, hot water demand for production processes and electricity consumption for factory equipment and lighting. To the authors’ knowledge, this work constitutes one of the first studies to address the integration of PVT-water collectors with a single-stage NH3-H2O AbCH for industrial applications. Two alternative PVT-water collectors are analysed, covered and uncovered. A biomass boiler is proposed as an auxiliary heater. To compare the proposed solar solutions, a vegetable and fruit processing and canning factory is considered as a representative case study. Hourly transient simulations considering the real factory demands and real weather data are performed over a year. Two main challenges are found for the solar systems based on the covered PVT collectors, an AbCH and a biomass boiler: the overlapping of the cooling and hot water demands of the food-processing industry, and the high hot water temperatures required. If, alternatively, the current electrical chillers are retained, the system based on uncovered PVT collectors has a reasonable-to-attractive payback time (14.3 years). When the potential environmental benefit is quantified (through carbon pricing), all the proposed solar systems become economically attractive, i.e., with positive total cost savings at the end of the system lifetime. Still, the high cost of PVT collectors, along with the considerably lower price of fuels compared to electricity, hinder the potential of systems that displace fossil fuels.
Idioma: Inglés
DOI: 10.1016/j.applthermaleng.2020.116235
Año: 2021
Publicado en: Applied Thermal Engineering 184, 116235 (2021), [15 pp]
ISSN: 1359-4311

Factor impacto JCR: 6.465 (2021)
Categ. JCR: ENGINEERING, MECHANICAL rank: 10 / 137 = 0.073 (2021) - Q1 - T1
Categ. JCR: THERMODYNAMICS rank: 6 / 63 = 0.095 (2021) - Q1 - T1
Categ. JCR: MECHANICS rank: 11 / 138 = 0.08 (2021) - Q1 - T1
Categ. JCR: ENERGY & FUELS rank: 43 / 119 = 0.361 (2021) - Q2 - T2

Factor impacto CITESCORE: 10.7 - Energy (Q1) - Engineering (Q1)

Factor impacto SCIMAGO: 1.584 - Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering (Q1) - Energy Engineering and Power Technology (Q1)

Financiación: info:eu-repo/grantAgreement/ES/MCIU-FEDER/RTC-2017-6026-3
Tipo y forma: Article (PostPrint)
Área (Departamento): Área Mecánica de Fluidos (Dpto. Ciencia Tecnol.Mater.Fl.)

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