Dendro-anthracological tools applied to Scots type pine forests exploitation as fuel during the Mesolithic-Neolithic transition in the southern central pre-Pyrenees (Spain)
Resumen: This work focuses on the reconstruction of fuelwood procurement during the Mesolithic-Neolithic transition in the southern central Pre-Pyrenees (Spain). The study combines wood charcoal identification with the application of dendro-anthracological approaches in the archaeological sequence of Esplugón (9.4–6.8 kyr cal BP) (Sabiñanigo, Huesca). Scots type pine (Pinus sylvestris tp.) reaches in this record around 90% of exploited firewood in line with its abundance in the inner Iberia mountainous areas during the onset of the Holocene. The classification of pine wood fragments in anthraco-groups is based on the combination of different dendro-anthracological tools: i) pith location tool and wood diameter estimation based on the trigonomethric method tool (ADmodel), ii) the study of growth rate based on the annual tree-ring width measurements, and iii) a modern dendrological dataset. There are hardly any differences observed in firewood procurement between the last hunter-gatherers and the first farmers in the long sequences from rock-shelters with recurrent human occupations. First results from this site point to the exploitation of whole trees but a high use of small pine branches probably from the gathering of branch shedding.
Idioma: Inglés
DOI: 10.1016/j.quaint.2020.10.029
Año: 2020
Publicado en: Quaternary International 593–594 (2020), 332-345
ISSN: 1040-6182

Factor impacto JCR: 2.13 (2020)
Categ. JCR: GEOGRAPHY, PHYSICAL rank: 36 / 50 = 0.72 (2020) - Q3 - T3
Categ. JCR: GEOSCIENCES, MULTIDISCIPLINARY rank: 125 / 198 = 0.631 (2020) - Q3 - T2

Factor impacto SCIMAGO: 0.927 - Earth-Surface Processes (Q1)

Financiación: info:eu-repo/grantAgreement/ES/MICINN/Vacios y ocupaciones en la Prehistoria de la Cuenca del Ebro
Financiación: info:eu-repo/grantAgreement/ES/MINECO/HAR2017-85023-P
Tipo y forma: Article (PostPrint)
Área (Departamento): Área Geografía Física (Dpto. Geograf. Ordenac.Territ.)
Área (Departamento): Área Prehistoria (Dpto. Ciencias de la Antigüed.)


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