Encapsulation of Large-Size Plasmids in PLGA Nanoparticles for Gene Editing: Comparison of Three Different Synthesis Methods

López-Royo, Tresa (Universidad de Zaragoza) ; Sebastián, Víctor (Universidad de Zaragoza) ; Moreno Martínez, Laura (Universidad de Zaragoza) ; Uson, Laura (Universidad de Zaragoza) ; Yus, Cristina (Universidad de Zaragoza) ; Alejo, Teresa (Universidad de Zaragoza) ; Zaragoza, Pilar (Universidad de Zaragoza) ; Osta, Rosario (Universidad de Zaragoza) ; Arruebo, Manuel (Universidad de Zaragoza) ; Manzano, Raquel (Universidad de Zaragoza)
Encapsulation of Large-Size Plasmids in PLGA Nanoparticles for Gene Editing: Comparison of Three Different Synthesis Methods
Financiación H2020 / H2020 Funds
Resumen: The development of new gene-editing technologies has fostered the need for efficient and safe vectors capable of encapsulating large nucleic acids. In this work we evaluate the synthesis of large-size plasmid-loaded PLGA nanoparticles by double emulsion (considering batch ultrasound and microfluidics-assisted methodologies) and magnetic stirring-based nanoprecipitation synthesis methods. For this purpose, we characterized the nanoparticles and compared the results between the different synthesis processes in terms of encapsulation efficiency, morphology, particle size, polydispersity, zeta potential and structural integrity of loaded pDNA. Our results demonstrate particular sensibility of large pDNA for shear and mechanical stress degradation during double emulsion, the nanoprecipitation method being the only one that preserved plasmid integrity. However, plasmid-loaded PLGA nanoparticles synthesized by nanoprecipitation did not show cell expression in vitro, possibly due to the slow release profile observed in our experimental conditions. Strong electrostatic interactions between the large plasmid and the cationic PLGA used for this synthesis may underlie this release kinetics. Overall, none of the methods evaluated satisfied all the requirements for an efficient non-viral vector when applied to large-size plasmid encapsulation. Further optimization or alternative synthesis methods are thus in current need to adapt PLGA nanoparticles as delivery vectors for gene editing therapeutic technologies.
Idioma: Inglés
DOI: 10.3390/nano11102723
Año: 2021
Publicado en: Nanomaterials 11, 10 (2021), 2723 [23 pp.]
ISSN: 2079-4991

Factor impacto JCR: 5.719 (2021)
Categ. JCR: PHYSICS, APPLIED rank: 37 / 161 = 0.23 (2021) - Q1 - T1
Categ. JCR: MATERIALS SCIENCE, MULTIDISCIPLINARY rank: 109 / 344 = 0.317 (2021) - Q2 - T1
Categ. JCR: CHEMISTRY, MULTIDISCIPLINARY rank: 55 / 179 = 0.307 (2021) - Q2 - T1
Categ. JCR: NANOSCIENCE & NANOTECHNOLOGY rank: 53 / 108 = 0.491 (2021) - Q2 - T2

Factor impacto CITESCORE: 6.6 - Chemical Engineering (Q1) - Materials Science (Q1)

Factor impacto SCIMAGO: 0.839 - Materials Science (miscellaneous) (Q1) - Chemical Engineering (miscellaneous) (Q1)

Financiación: info:eu-repo/grantAgreement/ES/FIS-FEDER/PI17-00949
Financiación: info:eu-repo/grantAgreement/EC/H2020/752349 /EU/Nanoparticle-based immunization, a novel therapeutic strategy for amyotrophic lateral sclerosis/NanoALS
Financiación: info:eu-repo/grantAgreement/ES/MCIU/RTI2018-099019-A-I00
Tipo y forma: Article (Published version)
Área (Departamento): Área Genética (Dpto. Anatom.,Embri.Genét.Ani.)
Área (Departamento): Área Ingeniería Química (Dpto. Ing.Quím.Tecnol.Med.Amb.)
Área (Departamento): Área Farmacología (Dpto. Farmac.Fisiol.y Med.L.F.)

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