Resistance to colistin and production of extended-spectrum ß-lactamases and/or AmpC enzymes in Salmonella isolates collected from healthy pigs in Northwest Spain in two periods: 2008-2009 and 2018
Resumen: Salmonellosis is a common subclinical infection in pigs and therefore apparently healthy animals may represent a reservoir of antibiotic-resistant Salmonella for humans. This study estimates and characterizes resistance to two classes of antimicrobials considered of the highest priority within the critically important antimicrobials for humans, i.e. colistin (CR) and 3rd generation cephalosporins (3GC), on a collection of Salmonella isolates from pigs from two periods: between 2008 and 09, when colistin was massively used; and in 2018, after three years under a National Plan against Antibiotic Resistance. Prevalence of CR was low (6 out of 625; 0.96%; 95%CI: 0.44–2.1) in 2008–09 and associated mostly to the mcr-1 gene, which was detected in four S. 4,5,12:i:- isolates. Polymorphisms in the pmrAB genes were detected in a S. 9,12:-:- isolate. No CR was detected in 2018 out of 59 isolates tested. Among 270 Salmonella isolates considered for the assessment of resistance to 3GC in the 2008–2009 sampling, only one Salmonella Bredeney (0.37%; 95%CI: 0.07–2.1) showed resistance to 3GC, which was associated with the blaCMY-2 gene (AmpC producer). In 2018, six isolates out of 59 (10.2%; 95%CI: 4.7–20.5) showed resistance to 3GC, but only two different strains were identified (S. 4,12:i:- and S. Rissen), both confirmed as extended-spectrum β-lactamases (ESBL) producers. The blaCTX-M-3 and blaTEM-1b genes in S. 4,12:i:- and the blaTEM-1b gene in S. Rissen seemed to be associated with this resistance. Overall, the prevalence of CR in Salmonella appeared to be very low in 2008–2009 despite the considerable use of colistin in pigs at that time, and seemed to remain so in 2018. Resistance to 3GC was even lower in 2008–2009 but somewhat higher in 2018. Resistance was mostly coded by genes associated with mobile genetic elements. Most serotypes involved in these antimicrobial resistances displayed a multidrug resistance pattern and were considered zoonotic.
Idioma: Inglés
DOI: 10.1016/j.ijfoodmicro.2020.108967
Año: 2021
Publicado en: INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF FOOD MICROBIOLOGY 338 (2021), 108967 [7 pp.]
ISSN: 0168-1605

Factor impacto JCR: 5.911 (2021)
Categ. JCR: FOOD SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY rank: 31 / 144 = 0.215 (2021) - Q1 - T1
Categ. JCR: MICROBIOLOGY rank: 36 / 138 = 0.261 (2021) - Q2 - T1

Factor impacto CITESCORE: 9.4 - Agricultural and Biological Sciences (Q1) - Immunology and Microbiology (Q1) - Medicine (Q1)

Factor impacto SCIMAGO: 0.997 - Food Science (Q1) - Microbiology (Q1) - Medicine (miscellaneous) (Q1)

Financiación: info:eu-repo/grantAgreement/ES/DGA/A13-17R
Financiación: info:eu-repo/grantAgreement/ES/INIA/RTA2012-24
Financiación: info:eu-repo/grantAgreement/ES/INIA/RTA2015-75-C04-02
Tipo y forma: Article (PostPrint)
Área (Departamento): Área Genética (Dpto. Anatom.,Embri.Genét.Ani.)
Área (Departamento): Área Sanidad Animal (Dpto. Patología Animal)

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