Dwarf pomegranate (Punica granatum L. var. nana): source of 5-HMF and bioactive compounds with applications in the protection of woody crops
Resumen: While the properties of edible pomegranate varieties have been widely explored, there is little information on ornamental types. In this study, possible alternatives for the valorization of dwarf pomegranate fruits have been explored. The characterization of their hydromethanolic extract by gas chromatography−mass spectrometry evidenced the presence of high contents of 5-hydroxymethylfurfural (a carbon-neutral feedstock for the production of fuels and other chemicals) and β- and γ-sitosterol stereoisomers. The microbicidal activity of the crude extract, both alone and in a conjugate complex with chitosan oligomers (COS), was investigated against three plant pathogenic microorganisms that cause significant losses in woody crops: Erwinia amylovora, E. vitivora, and Diplodia seriata. In in vitro assays, a strong synergistic behavior was found after conjugation of the bioactive constituents of the fruit extract with COS, resulting in minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) values of 750 and 375 μg·mL−1 against E. amylovora and E. vitivora, respectively, and an EC90 value of 993 μg·mL−1 against D. seriata. Hence, extracts from the non-edible fruits of this Punicaceae may hold promise as a source of high value-added phytochemicals or as environmentally friendly agrochemicals.
Idioma: Inglés
DOI: 10.3390/plants11040550
Año: 2022
Publicado en: Plants 11, 4 (2022), 550 [14 pp.]
ISSN: 2223-7747

Factor impacto JCR: 4.5 (2022)
Categ. JCR: PLANT SCIENCES rank: 43 / 239 = 0.18 (2022) - Q1 - T1
Factor impacto CITESCORE: 5.4 - Environmental Science (Q2) - Agricultural and Biological Sciences (Q1)

Factor impacto SCIMAGO: 0.79 - Ecology (Q1) - Plant Science (Q1) - Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics (Q1)

Tipo y forma: Article (Published version)
Área (Departamento): Area Ingeniería Agroforestal (Dpto. CC.Agrar.y Medio Natural)

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