Who Are the Protagonists of History? Exploratory Study on Historical Relevance after Completing Compulsory Secondary Education in Spain
Resumen: Which historical figures do Spanish students think are relevant after completing their compulsory schooling in the subject of history? The main objective of this research is to discover which four historical figures students choose as the most important in human history after completing¡ their compulsory schooling, and the type of reasons they give to justify their answers. By means of a mixed study, this research involved asking 165 students, aged 16 to 17, which four figures they think are the most relevant in history and why. Based on this statement, a quantitative and qualitative analysis was conducted to explore the students’ discourses justifying their choices using the categories proposed by Partington, Hunt and Lévesque. The results show a clear tendency in students to choose key figures in Spain’s history, such as Christopher Columbus or Francisco Franco, or a prominent person, such as Adolf Hitler, as the most relevant historical figures, who appear in the curriculum in their last year of compulsory secondary education. Lastly, the argumentative approach regarding the level of historical significance focuses primarily on the impact of their actions on a large number of people during their historical moment, with no critical reflection on their long-term impact or consequences.
Idioma: Inglés
DOI: 10.3390/socsci11040175
Año: 2022
Publicado en: Social Sciences 11, 4 (2022), 175 [15 pp.]
ISSN: 2076-0760

Factor impacto CITESCORE: 3.2 - Social Sciences (Q1)

Factor impacto SCIMAGO: 0.501 - Social Sciences (miscellaneous) (Q2)

Financiación: info:eu-repo/grantAgreement/ES/DGA/S50-20R
Financiación: info:eu-repo/grantAgreement/ES/MINECO-AEI-FEDER/PID2020-115288RB-I00
Tipo y forma: Article (Published version)
Área (Departamento): Área Didáctica Ciencias Socia. (Dpto. Didácticas Específicas)

Creative Commons You must give appropriate credit, provide a link to the license, and indicate if changes were made. You may do so in any reasonable manner, but not in any way that suggests the licensor endorses you or your use.

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 Record created 2022-05-03, last modified 2023-09-14

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