000112781 001__ 112781
000112781 005__ 20230914083452.0
000112781 0247_ $$2doi$$a10.3390/ijerph19010436
000112781 0248_ $$2sideral$$a128182
000112781 037__ $$aART-2022-128182
000112781 041__ $$aeng
000112781 100__ $$aMcColl, Kathleen
000112781 245__ $$aAre People Optimistically Biased about the Risk of COVID-19 Infection? Lessons from the First Wave of the Pandemic in Europe
000112781 260__ $$c2022
000112781 5060_ $$aAccess copy available to the general public$$fUnrestricted
000112781 5203_ $$aUnrealistic optimism, the underestimation of one''s risk of experiencing harm, has been investigated extensively to understand better and predict behavioural responses to health threats. Prior to the COVID-19 pandemic, a relative dearth of research existed in this domain regarding epidemics, which is surprising considering that this optimistic bias has been associated with a lack of engagement in protective behaviours critical in fighting twenty-first-century, emergent, infectious diseases. The current study addresses this gap in the literature by investigating whether people demonstrated optimism bias during the first wave of the COVID-19 pandemic in Europe, how this changed over time, and whether unrealistic optimism was negatively associated with protective measures. Taking advantage of a pre-existing international participative influenza surveillance network (n = 12, 378), absolute and comparative unrealistic optimism were measured at three epidemic stages (pre-, early, peak), and across four countries-France, Italy, Switzerland and the United Kingdom. Despite differences in culture and health response, similar patterns were observed across all four countries. The prevalence of unrealistic optimism appears to be influenced by the particular epidemic context. Paradoxically, whereas absolute unrealistic optimism decreased over time, comparative unrealistic optimism increased, suggesting that whilst people became increasingly accurate in assessing their personal risk, they nonetheless overestimated that for others. Comparative unrealistic optimism was negatively associated with the adoption of protective behaviours, which is worrying, given that these preventive measures are critical in tackling the spread and health burden of COVID-19. It is hoped these findings will inspire further research into sociocognitive mechanisms involved in risk appraisal.
000112781 536__ $$9info:eu-repo/grantAgreement/EC/H2020/101003688/EU/Epidemic intelligence to minimize 2019-nCoV’s public health, economic and social impact in Europe/EpiPose$$9This project has received funding from the European Union’s Horizon 2020 research and innovation program under grant agreement No H2020 101003688-EpiPose
000112781 540__ $$9info:eu-repo/semantics/openAccess$$aby$$uhttp://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/es/
000112781 592__ $$a0.828$$b2022
000112781 593__ $$aHealth, Toxicology and Mutagenesis$$c2022$$dQ2
000112781 593__ $$aPublic Health, Environmental and Occupational Health$$c2022$$dQ2
000112781 593__ $$aPollution$$c2022$$dQ2
000112781 594__ $$a5.4$$b2022
000112781 655_4 $$ainfo:eu-repo/semantics/article$$vinfo:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion
000112781 700__ $$aDebin, Marion
000112781 700__ $$aSouty, Cecile
000112781 700__ $$aGuerrisi, Caroline
000112781 700__ $$aTurbelin, Clement
000112781 700__ $$aFalchi, Alessandra
000112781 700__ $$aBonmarin, Isabelle
000112781 700__ $$aPaolotti, Daniela
000112781 700__ $$aObi, Chinelo
000112781 700__ $$aDuggan, Jim
000112781 700__ $$0(orcid)0000-0002-0895-1893$$aMoreno, Yamir$$uUniversidad de Zaragoza
000112781 700__ $$aWisniak, Ania
000112781 700__ $$aFlahault, Antoine
000112781 700__ $$aBlanchon, Thierry
000112781 700__ $$aColizza, Vittoria
000112781 700__ $$aRaude, Jocelyn
000112781 7102_ $$12004$$2405$$aUniversidad de Zaragoza$$bDpto. Física Teórica$$cÁrea Física Teórica
000112781 773__ $$g19, 1 (2022), 436 [23 pp.]$$pInt. j. environ. res. public health$$tInternational journal of environmental research and public health$$x1661-7827
000112781 8564_ $$s574656$$uhttps://zaguan.unizar.es/record/112781/files/texto_completo.pdf$$yVersión publicada
000112781 8564_ $$s2882801$$uhttps://zaguan.unizar.es/record/112781/files/texto_completo.jpg?subformat=icon$$xicon$$yVersión publicada
000112781 909CO $$ooai:zaguan.unizar.es:112781$$particulos$$pdriver
000112781 951__ $$a2023-09-13-12:34:23
000112781 980__ $$aARTICLE