Bioerosion and palaeoecological association of osteophagous insects in the Maastrichtian dinosaur Arenysaurus ardevoli
Resumen: Bioerosions produced by the osteophagous diet of animals that fed on dinosaur bones are very scarce in the European fossil record. Herein we present bioerosion on hadrosaurid remains from the Maastrichtian Tremp Formation of the Pyrenean Basin, which is only the second such case recorded from the Iberian-Occitan Plate besides a sauropod from the Jurassic-Cretaceous of Valencia. The hadrosaurid fossil record is particularly rich in the Blasi sites of the Tremp Formation located in the municipality of Arén (Huesca, Spain). In this article, bones referred to the hadrosaurid Arenysaurus ardevoli from the Blasi-3 site are analysed to shed light on the palaeoenvironment and on the presence of a palaeoecological interaction between the hadrosaurid carcase and osteophagous tracemakers. Bioerosions recorded on the bones comprise tunnels, roundish holes, and straight notches, similar to the traces attributed to necrophagous insects (cf. Cuniculichnus seilacheri). Here, we record the first instance of the activity of these animals on dinosaur bones in the Upper Cretaceous of the Ibero-Occitan Plate. The results presented lead us to infer that the Arenysaurus bones were possibly transported by a storm or similar event to the Blasi-3 site, where they were exposed to post-mortem biotic interactions (eaten and partially decomposed by dermestid beetles) for a prolonged time period before they were completely buried. © 2021 The Authors. Lethaia published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd on behalf of Lethaia Foundation
Idioma: Inglés
DOI: 10.1111/let.12456
Año: 2021
Publicado en: Lethaia 54, 5 (2021), 957-968
ISSN: 0024-1164

Factor impacto JCR: 1.598 (2021)
Categ. JCR: PALEONTOLOGY rank: 33 / 54 = 0.611 (2021) - Q3 - T2
Factor impacto CITESCORE: 3.6 - Earth and Planetary Sciences (Q2) - Agricultural and Biological Sciences (Q2)

Factor impacto SCIMAGO: 0.659 - Paleontology (Q1) - Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics (Q1)

Financiación: info:eu-repo/grantAgreement/ES/AEI-FEDER/CGL2017-82654-P
Financiación: info:eu-repo/grantAgreement/ES/AEI/PID2020-117118GB-I00
Tipo y forma: Article (Published version)
Área (Departamento): Área Paleontología (Dpto. Ciencias de la Tierra)

Creative Commons You must give appropriate credit, provide a link to the license, and indicate if changes were made. You may do so in any reasonable manner, but not in any way that suggests the licensor endorses you or your use.

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