The impact of Charlson comorbidity index on the functional capacity of COVID-19 survivors: a prospective cohort study with one-year follow-up
Resumen: Objective: To determine the association between the Charlson comorbidity index (CCI) score after discharge with 6-min walk test (6MWT) 1 year after discharge in a cohort of COVID-19 survivors. Methods: In this prospective study, data were collected from a consecutive sample of patients hospitalized for COVID-19. The CCI score was calculated from the comorbidity data. The main outcome was the distance walked in the 6MWT at 1 year after discharge. Associations between CCI and meters covered in the 6MWT were assessed through crude and adjusted linear regressions. The model was adjusted for possible confounding factors (sex, days of hospitalization, and basal physical capacity through sit-to-stand test one month after discharge). Results: A total of 41 patients were included (mean age 58.8 +/- 12.7 years, 20/21 men/women). A significant association was observed between CCI and 6MWT (meters): (i) crude model: beta = -18.7, 95% CI = -34.7 to -2.6, p < 0.05; (ii) model adjusted for propensity score including sex, days of hospitalization, and sit-to-stand: beta = -23.0, 95% CI = -39.1 to -6.8, p < 0.05. Conclusions: A higher CCI score after discharge indicates worse performance on the 6MWT at 1-year follow-up in COVID-19 survivors. The CCI score could also be used as a screening tool to make important clinical decisions.
Idioma: Inglés
DOI: 10.3390/ijerph19127473
Año: 2022
Publicado en: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 19, 12 (2022), 7473 [9 pp.]
ISSN: 1661-7827

Tipo y forma: Article (Published version)

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