Determination of puberty in gilts: contrast of diagnostic methods

Vela, A. (Universidad de Zaragoza) ; Suárez Usbeck, A. ; Lafoz, L. ; Mitjana, O. (Universidad de Zaragoza) ; Tejedor, M. T. (Universidad de Zaragoza) ; Martín, S. ; López, M. ; Falceto, M.V. (Universidad de Zaragoza)
Determination of puberty in gilts: contrast of diagnostic methods
Resumen: Background
Early onset of a gilt´s puberty is needed for adequate economic performance in farms, because it indicates her reproductive performance and longevity. Therefore, an effective diagnosis is needed. Our purpose was to compare different procedures (external characteristics, blood progesterone analysis and ultrasonography diagnosis) to detect puberty in 70 gilts (Topigs TN70; 240 days old) on farm conditions. Postmortem examination was the standard reference. Multiple logistic regression analysis was used to identify which combination of independent variables (predictors) best predicts the status of gilts.

Results
Puberty (46/70 gilts; 65.71%) was characterized by the presence of follicles larger than 6 mm, corpus albicans, corpus rubrum, and corpus luteum (postmortem examination). Vaginal length, body condition, backfat, carcass weight and progesterone blood concentration were significantly higher in pubertal than prepubertal gilts (P < 0.05). Two types of ultrasonography equipment (DELTA and W3) were compared and performed by the same senior technician (V1). The results obtained by two technicians with different levels of experience (V1 and V2, a junior technician) using W3 were also compared. Ultrasonography provided better results than other diagnostic techniques, although the effectiveness of the ultrasonography changed with technological improvements and with increased expertise of technicians. The most accurate results were found by V1/DELTA (Nagelkerke´s R2 = 0.846; Sensitivity = 0.956; Specificity = 0.958; Positive predictive value = 0.978; Negative predictive value = 0.920; Area under ROC curve = 0.957). Results using the W3 equipment could be improved when used in conjunction with vaginal length (V1; Nagelkerke´s R2 = 0.834; Sensitivity = 0.933; Specificity = 0.958; Positive predictive value = 0.977; Negative predictive value = 0.885; Area under ROC curve = 0.972) or progesterone concentration (V2; Nagelkerke´s R2 = 0.780; Sensitivity = 0.955; Specificity = 0.826; Positive predictive value = 0.915; Negative predictive value = 0.905; Area under ROC curve = 0.970).

Conclusions
Ultrasonography provided better results than other diagnostic techniques. The effectiveness of the ultrasonography changes with technological improvements and with increased expertise of technicians. Results using the W3 equipment could be improved when used along with vaginal length (V1) or progesterone concentration (V2). Accuracy parameters are a guide to choose puberty diagnosis, but the farms must also evaluate effect on gilts, ease and cost of administration.

Idioma: Inglés
DOI: 10.1186/s40813-022-00271-0
Año: 2022
Publicado en: Porcine Health Management 8 (2022), 28 [14 pp.]
ISSN: 2055-5660

Factor impacto JCR: 3.4 (2022)
Categ. JCR: VETERINARY SCIENCES rank: 10 / 143 = 0.07 (2022) - Q1 - T1
Factor impacto CITESCORE: 5.2 - Veterinary (Q1) - Agricultural and Biological Sciences (Q1)

Factor impacto SCIMAGO: 0.763 - Animal Science and Zoology (Q1) - Small Animals (Q1) - Food Animals (Q1)

Tipo y forma: Article (Published version)
Área (Departamento): Área Genética (Dpto. Anatom.,Embri.Genét.Ani.)
Área (Departamento): Área Producción Animal (Dpto. Produc.Animal Cienc.Ali.)
Área (Departamento): Área Medicina y Cirugía Animal (Dpto. Patología Animal)


Creative Commons You must give appropriate credit, provide a link to the license, and indicate if changes were made. You may do so in any reasonable manner, but not in any way that suggests the licensor endorses you or your use.


Exportado de SIDERAL (2023-09-13-14:55:08)


Este artículo se encuentra en las siguientes colecciones:
Articles



 Record created 2022-09-30, last modified 2023-09-14


Versión publicada:
 PDF
Rate this document:

Rate this document:
1
2
3
 
(Not yet reviewed)