Prevalence of common oral conditions in dogs and cats attending a veterinary teaching hospital in Spain

Whyte, A. (Universidad de Zaragoza) ; San Román - Llorens, F. (Universidad de Zaragoza) ; Whyte, J. (Universidad de Zaragoza) ; Monteagudo, L.V. (Universidad de Zaragoza) ; Tejedor, M.T. (Universidad de Zaragoza)
Prevalence of common oral conditions in dogs and cats attending a veterinary teaching hospital in Spain
Resumen: Our aim is to provide a look into the typical clinical caseload from odontology primary care, based on dogs and cats treated at a veterinary teaching hospital. From 2013 to 2019, 468 dogs and 139 cats were treated. Data come from primary care practice; no referral cases were considered. The most frequently detected conditions in dogs were periodontal disease (59.6%), oral tumors (11.3%), dental fractures (7.7%), class 1 malocclusion (7.1%), dental fistulas (5.8%), class 3 malocclusion (3.4%), gingivitis (1.7%), periodontal disease with tooth resorption (0.4%), class 2 malocclusion (0.2%) and others (2.8%). Different distributions of main conditions were found when considering age and weight/breed (p < 0.001). In cats, the main conditions were periodontal disease (30.9%), periodontal disease with tooth resorption (23.0%), tooth resorption (12.2%), gingivostomatitis (10.8%), gingivostomatitis with tooth resorption (7.2%), oral tumors (7.2%) and others (8.6%). When considering age, different distributions of main conditions were found (p < 0.001). In dogs and cats, both sexes showed similar distributions of main conditions (p > 0.05). No significant temporal trends were detected. These prevalence estimations can be useful in the diagnosis and establishment of preventive measures. Attention could be focused on different oral conditions depending on breed (dogs) and on age (both dogs and cats).
Idioma: Inglés
DOI: 10.1016/j.anicom.2021.12.003
Año: 2022
Publicado en: Revue Veterinaire Clinique 57, 1 (2022), 17-24
ISSN: 2214-5680

Factor impacto CITESCORE: 0.2 - Veterinary (Q4)

Factor impacto SCIMAGO: 0.133 - Small Animals (Q4)

Tipo y forma: Article (PostPrint)
Área (Departamento): Área Genética (Dpto. Anatom.,Embri.Genét.Ani.)
Área (Departamento): Area Anatom.Embriol.Humana (Dpto. Anatom.Histolog.Humanas)
Área (Departamento): Área Medicina y Cirugía Animal (Dpto. Patología Animal)


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