Design of a computer model for the identification of adolescent swimmers at risk of low BMD

Marin-Puyalto, J. (Universidad de Zaragoza) ; Gómez-Cabello, A. ; Gómez-Brutón, A. (Universidad de Zaragoza) ; Matute-Llorente, Á. (Universidad de Zaragoza) ; Castillo-Bernad, S. ; Lozano-Berges, G. (Universidad de Zaragoza) ; González-Agüero, A. (Universidad de Zaragoza) ; Casajus, J. A. (Universidad de Zaragoza) ; Vicente-Rodríguez, G. (Universidad de Zaragoza)
Design of a computer model for the identification of adolescent swimmers at risk of low BMD
Resumen: This paper aims to elaborate a decision tree for the early detection of adolescent swimmers at risk of presenting low bone mineral density (BMD), based on easily measurable fitness and performance variables. The BMD of 78 adolescent swimmers was determined using dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) scans at the hip and subtotal body. The participants also underwent physical fitness (muscular strength, speed, and cardiovascular endurance) and swimming performance assessments. A gradient-boosting machine regression tree was built to predict the BMD of the swimmers and to further develop a simpler individual decision tree. The predicted BMD was strongly correlated with the actual BMD values obtained from the DXA (r = 0.960, p < 0.001; root mean squared error = 0.034 g/cm2). According to a simple decision tree (74% classification accuracy), swimmers with a body mass index (BMI) lower than 17 kg/m2 or a handgrip strength inferior to 43 kg with the sum of both arms could be at a higher risk of having a low BMD. Easily measurable fitness variables (BMI and handgrip strength) could be used for the early detection of adolescent swimmers who are at risk of suffering from low BMD.
Idioma: Inglés
DOI: 10.3390/ijerph20043454
Año: 2023
Publicado en: International journal of environmental research and public health 20, 4 (2023), 3454 [10 pp.]
ISSN: 1661-7827

Financiación: info:eu-repo/grantAgreement/ES/MICINN/EXERNET-DEP2005-00046
Financiación: info:eu-repo/grantAgreement/ES/MINECO/DEP2011-29093
Tipo y forma: Article (Published version)
Área (Departamento): Área Educación Física y Depor. (Dpto. Fisiatría y Enfermería)

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