Does an obesogenic family environment moderate the association between sports participation and body composition in children? The ENERGY project
Financiación FP7 / Fp7 Funds
Resumen: Background: Previous research on the association between sports participation and body composition has shown mixed findings. The family home is considered one of the most influential environments on childhood obesity. Thus, the association between sports participation and body composition in children may be influenced by an obesogenic home environment.
Objectives: To investigate if an obesogenic family environment moderates the association between sports participation and body composition in children.
Methods: A total of 3999 children (54% girls; 11.6 ± 0.7 years) and their parent(s) were included from the ENERGY project. A composite obesogenic family environment risk score was created from 10 questionnaire items. Height, weight (to calculate body mass index), and waist circumference were obtained by trained researchers and used as indicators of body composition.
Results: The composite risk score significantly moderated the association between sports participation and both waist circumference and body mass index. In children from families with moderate and high obesogenic risk, organized sports participation was significantly associated with smaller waist circumference (moderate risk: −0.29, 95% CI −0.45 to −0.14; high risk: −0.46, 95% CI −0.66 to −0.25) and lower body mass index (moderate risk: −0.10, 95% CI −0.16 to −0.04; high risk: −0.14, 95% CI −0.22 to −0.06), but not in children with a low obesogenic family risk score.
Conclusions: Enrolling children in sports activities from an early age can be important for healthy weight maintenance, especially among children from obesogenic family environments

Idioma: Inglés
DOI: 10.1111/ijpo.13031
Año: 2023
Publicado en: Pediatric obesity 18, 7 (2023), e13031 [11 pp.]
ISSN: 2047-6302

Financiación: info:eu-repo/grantAgreement/EC/FP7/223254/EU/EuropeaN Energy balance Research to prevent excessive weight Gain among Youth/ENERGY
Tipo y forma: Article (Published version)
Área (Departamento): Área Educación Física y Depor. (Dpto. Fisiatría y Enfermería)

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