000046914 001__ 46914
000046914 005__ 20210121114526.0
000046914 0247_ $$2doi$$a10.1186/s12906-015-0823-0
000046914 0248_ $$2sideral$$a91963
000046914 037__ $$aART-2015-91963
000046914 041__ $$aeng
000046914 100__ $$aAtanes, A.C.M.
000046914 245__ $$aMindfulness, perceived stress, and subjective well-being: A correlational study in primary care health professionals
000046914 260__ $$c2015
000046914 5060_ $$aAccess copy available to the general public$$fUnrestricted
000046914 5203_ $$aBackground: Primary health care professionals (PHPs) usually report high levels of distress and burnout symptoms related to job strain. Mindfulness, defined as non-judgmental-present-moment awareness, seems to be a moderator in the causal association between life stressors and well-being. This study aimed to verify correlations among self-reported mindfulness, perceived stress (PS), and subjective well-being (SW) in Brazilian PHPs.
Methods: We performed a correlational cross-sectional study in a purposive sample of Brazilian PHPs (physicians, nurses, nursing assistants, and community health workers), working in community-oriented primary care programs (known locally as “Family Health Programs”). We used validated self-reporting instruments: the Mindful Attention Awareness Scale (MAAS), the Perceived Stress Scale (PSS), and the Subjective Well-being Scale (SWS). We performed a multivariate analysis of variance (MANOVA), through regression coefficients (beta) in relation to the professional category (nursing assistant), in addition to the length of time in the same job (under than 6 months) that had indicated the lowest level of PS.
Results: Participants (n = 450) comprised community health workers (65.8 %), nursing assistants (18 %), registered nurses (10.0 %), and doctors (family physicians) (6.0 %); 94 % were female and 83.1 % had worked in the same position for more than one year. MANOVA regression analysis showed differences across professional categories and length of time in the same job position in relation to mindfulness, PS, and SW. Nurses demonstrated lower levels of mindfulness, higher PS, and SW negative affect, as well as lower SW positive affect. Being at work for 1 year or longer showed a clear association with higher PS and lower SW positive affect, and no significance with mindfulness levels. Pearson’s coefficient values indicated strong negative correlations between mindfulness and PS, and medium correlations between mindfulness and SW.
Conclusion: In this study, there were clear correlations between mindfulness, PS, and SW across different primary care professional categories and time in the same job position, suggesting specific vulnerabilities that should be addressed through the development of staff awareness, stress prevention, and well-being interventions.
000046914 540__ $$9info:eu-repo/semantics/openAccess$$aby$$uhttp://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/es/
000046914 590__ $$a1.987$$b2015
000046914 591__ $$aINTEGRATIVE & COMPLEMENTARY MEDICINE$$b5 / 24 = 0.208$$c2015$$dQ1$$eT1
000046914 592__ $$a0.851$$b2015
000046914 593__ $$aComplementary and Alternative Medicine$$c2015$$dQ1
000046914 593__ $$aMedicine (miscellaneous)$$c2015$$dQ2
000046914 655_4 $$ainfo:eu-repo/semantics/article$$vinfo:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion
000046914 700__ $$aAndreoni, S.
000046914 700__ $$aHirayama, M.S.
000046914 700__ $$0(orcid)0000-0001-5677-1662$$aMontero-Marin, J.
000046914 700__ $$aBarros, V.V.
000046914 700__ $$aRonzani, T.M.
000046914 700__ $$aKozasa, E.H.
000046914 700__ $$aSoler, J.
000046914 700__ $$aCebolla, A.
000046914 700__ $$0(orcid)0000-0002-3797-4218$$aGarcia-Campayo, J.$$uUniversidad de Zaragoza
000046914 700__ $$aDemarzo, M.M.P.
000046914 7102_ $$11007$$2745$$aUniversidad de Zaragoza$$bDpto. Medicina, Psiqu. y Derm.$$cArea Psiquiatría
000046914 8564_ $$s664432$$uhttps://zaguan.unizar.es/record/46914/files/texto_completo.pdf$$yVersión publicada
000046914 8564_ $$s90104$$uhttps://zaguan.unizar.es/record/46914/files/texto_completo.jpg?subformat=icon$$xicon$$yVersión publicada
000046914 909CO $$ooai:zaguan.unizar.es:46914$$particulos$$pdriver
000046914 951__ $$a2021-01-21-11:06:56
000046914 980__ $$aARTICLE