Postcranial morphology of the middle Pleistocene humans from Sima de los Huesos, Spain
Resumen: Current knowledge of the evolution of the postcranial skeleton in the genus Homo is hampered by a geographically and chronologically scattered fossil record. Here we present a complete characterization of the postcranium of the middle Pleistocene paleodeme from the Sima de los Huesos (SH) and its paleobiological implications. The SH hominins show the following: (i) wide bodies, a plesiomorphic char- acter in the genus Homo inherited from their early hominin ancestors; (ii) statures that can be found in modern human middle-latitude pop- ulations that first appeared 1.6–1.5 Mya; and (iii) large femoral heads in some individuals, a trait that first appeared during the middle Pleistocene in Africa and Europe. The intrapopulational size variation in SH shows that the level of dimorphism was similar to modern humans (MH), but the SH hominins were less encephalized than Ne- andertals. SH shares many postcranial anatomical features with Ne- andertals. Although most of these features appear to be either plesiomorphic retentions or are of uncertain phylogenetic polarity, a few represent Neandertal apomorphies. Nevertheless, the full suite of Neandertal-derived features is not yet present in the SH popula- tion. The postcranial evidence is consistent with the hypothesis based on the cranial morphology that the SH hominins are a sister group to the later Neandertals. Comparison of the SH postcranial skeleton to other hominins suggests that the evolution of the postcranium oc- curred in a mosaic mode, both at a general and at a detailed level.
Idioma: Inglés
DOI: 10.1073/pnas.1514828112
Año: 2015
Publicado en: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 112, 37 (2015), 11524-11529
ISSN: 0027-8424

Factor impacto JCR: 9.423 (2015)
Categ. JCR: MULTIDISCIPLINARY SCIENCES rank: 4 / 60 = 0.067 (2015) - Q1 - T1
Factor impacto SCIMAGO:

Financiación: info:eu-repo/grantAgreement/ES/MINECO/CGL2012-38434-C03-01
Financiación: info:eu-repo/grantAgreement/ES/MINECO/CGL2012-38434-C03-02
Financiación: info:eu-repo/grantAgreement/ES/MINECO/CGL2012-38434-C03-03
Tipo y forma: Article (Published version)
Área (Departamento): Paleontología (Departamento de Ciencias de la Tierra)

Rights Reserved All rights reserved by journal editor

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