The psychological burden of skin diseases: a cross-sectional multicenter study among dermatological out-patients in 13 european countries
Resumen: The contribution of psychological disorders to the burden of skin disease has been poorly explored, and this is a large-scale study to ascertain the association between depression, anxiety, and suicidal ideation with various dermatological diagnoses. This international multicenter observational cross-sectional study was conducted in 13 European countries. In each dermatology clinic, 250 consecutive adult out-patients were recruited to complete a questionnaire, reporting socio-demographic information, negative life events, and suicidal ideation; depression and anxiety were assessed with the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale. A clinical examination was performed. A control group was recruited among hospital employees. There were 4,994 participants––3,635 patients and 1,359 controls. Clinical depression was present in 10.1% patients (controls 4.3%, odds ratio (OR) 2.40 (1.67–3.47)). Clinical anxiety was present in 17.2% (controls 11.1%, OR 2.18 (1.68–2.82)). Suicidal ideation was reported by 12.7% of all patients (controls 8.3%, OR 1.94 (1.33–2.82)). For individual diagnoses, only patients with psoriasis had significant association with suicidal ideation. The association with depression and anxiety was highest for patients with psoriasis, atopic dermatitis, hand eczema, and leg ulcers. These results identify a major additional burden of skin disease and have important clinical implications.
Idioma: Inglés
DOI: 10.1038/jid.2014.530
Año: 2015
Publicado en: JOURNAL OF INVESTIGATIVE DERMATOLOGY 135, 4 (2015), 984-991
ISSN: 0022-202X

Factor impacto JCR: 6.915 (2015)
Categ. JCR: DERMATOLOGY rank: 1 / 61 = 0.016 (2015) - Q1 - T1
Factor impacto SCIMAGO:

Tipo y forma: Article (Published version)
Área (Departamento): Psicología Evolutiva y de la Educación (Departamento de Psicología y Sociología)

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