Personality traits in patients with cluster headache: a comparison with migraine patients
Resumen: Background: Cluster headache (CH) has been associated with certain personality traits and lifestyle features, but there are few studies assessing personality profiles in CH. We aimed to analyze personality traits in patients with CH, and to compare them with those found in migraine. Methods: We included all consecutive patients with CH attending 5 outpatient offices between January and December 2013. Personality traits were evaluated using the Salamanca screening test, a validated inventory assessing 11 personality traits grouped in 3 clusters. We analyzed the test results in this population, and compared them with those of a migraine population previously assessed with the same test. Results: Eighty patients with CH (75 men, 5 women; mean age, 43.2 ± 9.9 years) were recruited. The reference population consisted of 164 migraine patients (30 men, 134 women; mean age 36.4 ± 12.7 years). In CH patients, the most frequent personality traits were anancastic (52.5 %), anxious (47.5 %), histrionic (45 %), schizoid (42.5 %), impulsive (32.5 %) and paranoid (30 %). When compared to migraine patients, paranoid (p < 0.001; x2 test), and schizoid traits (p = 0.007; x2 test) were significantly more prevalent in CH patients. In logistic regression analysis the paranoid trait was significantly associated with CH (p = 0.001; OR: 3.27, 95 % CI 1.66–6.43]). Conclusion: According to the Salamanca screening test, personality traits included in cluster A (odd or eccentric disorders) are more prevalent in CH patients than in a population of migraineurs. Larger studies are needed to determine whether certain personality traits are related to CH.
Idioma: Inglés
DOI: 10.1186/s10194-016-0618-9
Año: 2016
Publicado en: The Journal of headache and pain 17, 25 (2016), [5 pp]
ISSN: 1129-2369

Factor impacto JCR: 3.58 (2016)
Categ. JCR: CLINICAL NEUROLOGY rank: 48 / 194 = 0.247 (2016) - Q1 - T1
Categ. JCR: NEUROSCIENCES rank: 82 / 258 = 0.318 (2016) - Q2 - T1

Factor impacto SCIMAGO: 0.853 - Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine (Q1) - Neurology (clinical) (Q2) - Medicine (miscellaneous) (Q2)

Tipo y forma: Article (Published version)
Área (Departamento): Area Medicina (Dpto. Medicina, Psiqu. y Derm.)

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 Record created 2016-07-14, last modified 2020-02-21

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