Visual dysfunction and its correlation with retinal changes in patients with Parkinson’ s disease: an observational cross-sectional study

Polo, V. (Universidad de Zaragoza) ; Satue, M. ; Rodrigo, MJ. ; Otin, S. (Universidad de Zaragoza) ; Alarcia, R. ; Bambo, MP. ; Fuertes, MI. (Universidad de Zaragoza) ; Larrosa, JM. (Universidad de Zaragoza) ; Pablo, LE. (Universidad de Zaragoza) ; Garcia-Martin, E. (Universidad de Zaragoza)
Visual dysfunction and its correlation with retinal changes in patients with Parkinson’ s disease: an observational cross-sectional study
Resumen: Objectives: To evaluate visual dysfunction and its correlation with structural changes in the retina in patients with Parkinson’s disease (PD).
Methods: Patients with PD (n=37) and controls (n=37) were included in an observational cross- sectional study, and underwent visual acuity (VA), colour vision (using the Farnsworth and Lanthony desaturated D15 colour tests) and contrast sensitivity vision (CSV; using the Pelli-Robson chart and CSV 1000E test) evaluation to measure visual dysfunction. Structural measurements of the retinal nerve fibre layer (RNFL), and macular and ganglion cell layer (GCL) thicknesses, were obtained using spectral domain optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT). Comparison of obtained data, and correlation analysis between functional and structural results were performed. Results: VA (in all different contrast levels) and all CSV spatial frequencies were significantly worse in patients with PD than in controls. Colour vision was significantly affected based on the Lanthony colour test. Significant GCL loss was observed in the minimum GCL+inner plexiform layer. A clear tendency towards a reduction in several macular sectors (central, outer inferior, outer temporal and superior (inner and outer)) and in the temporal quadrant of the RNFL thickness was observed, although the difference was not significant. CSV was the functional parameter most strongly correlated with structural measurements in PD. Colour vision was associated with most GCL measurements. Macular thickness was strongly correlated with macular volume and functional parameters (r>0.70, p<0.05).
Conclusions: Patients with PD had visual dysfunction that correlated with structural changes evaluated by SD-OCT. GCL measurements may be reliable indicators of visual impairment in patients with PD.

Idioma: Inglés
DOI: 10.1136/bmjopen-2015-009658
Año: 2016
Publicado en: BRITISH MEDICAL JOURNAL 6 (2016), e009658 [9 pp.]
ISSN: 0959-8146

Factor impacto JCR: 20.785 (2016)
Categ. JCR: MEDICINE, GENERAL & INTERNAL rank: 4 / 154 = 0.026 (2016) - Q1 - T1
Factor impacto SCIMAGO: 2.926 - Medicine (miscellaneous) (Q1)

Tipo y forma: Article (Published version)
Área (Departamento): Área Oftalmología (Dpto. Cirugía,Ginecol.Obstetr.)
Área (Departamento): Área Óptica (Dpto. Física Aplicada)

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 Record created 2016-09-20, last modified 2020-02-21

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