Pleistocene cave hyenas in the Iberian Peninsula: New insights from los aprendices cave (Moncayo, Zaragoza)
Resumen: A new Pleistocene paleontological site, Los Aprendices, located in the northwest-ern part of the Iberian Peninsula in the area of the Moncayo (Zaragoza) is presented. The layer with fossil remains has been dated by amino acid racemization to 143.8 ± 38.9 ka (earliest Late Pleistocene or latest Middle Pleistocene). Five mammal species have been identified in the assemblage: Crocuta spelaea (Goldfuss, 1823) Capra pyre-naica (Schinz, 1838), Lagomorpha indet, Arvicolidae indet and Galemys pyrenaicus (Geoffroy, 1811). The remains of C. spelaea represent a mostly complete skeleton in anatomical semi-connection. The hyena specimen represents the most complete skel-eton ever recovered in Iberia and one of the most complete remains in Europe. It has been compared anatomically and biometrically with both European cave hyenas and extant spotted hyenas. In addition, a taphonomic study has been carried out in order to understand the origin and preservation of these exceptional remains. The results sug-gest rapid burial with few scavenging modifications putatively produced by a medium sized carnivore. A review of the Pleistocene Iberian record of Crocuta spp. has been carried out, enabling us to establish one of the earliest records of C. spelaea in the recently discovered Los Aprendices cave, and also showing that the most extensive geographical distribution of this species occurred during the Late Pleistocene (MIS4-2).
Idioma: Inglés
Año: 2017
Publicado en: PALAEONTOLOGIA ELECTRONICA 20, 1 (2017), 11A [38 pp.]
ISSN: 1935-3952

Originalmente disponible en: Texto completo de la revista

Factor impacto JCR: 1.41 (2017)
Categ. JCR: PALEONTOLOGY rank: 22 / 54 = 0.407 (2017) - Q2 - T2
Factor impacto SCIMAGO: 0.807 - Oceanography (Q2)

Financiación: info:eu-repo/grantAgreement/ES/MINECO/CGL2011-28681
Financiación: info:eu-repo/grantAgreement/ES/MINECO/CGL2012-38434-C03-01
Financiación: info:eu-repo/grantAgreement/ES/MINECO/CGR2014-5473-P
Financiación: info:eu-repo/grantAgreement/ES/MINECO/RYC-2012-10576
Tipo y forma: Article (Published version)
Área (Departamento): Área Paleontología (Dpto. Ciencias de la Tierra)

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