000061932 001__ 61932
000061932 005__ 20170830084818.0
000061932 0248_ $$2sideral$$a100569
000061932 037__ $$aART-2013-100569
000061932 041__ $$aeng
000061932 100__ $$0(orcid)0000-0001-7723-5172$$aBernuz Beneitez, María José$$uUniversidad de Zaragoza
000061932 245__ $$aJuvenile violence prevention: the gap between ideals and practices
000061932 260__ $$c2013
000061932 5060_ $$aAccess copy available to the general public$$fUnrestricted
000061932 5203_ $$aEl aumento de la mortalidad y la pérdida de vitalidad de los bosques son procesos que afectan a diversas especies de árboles y biomas. Estos fenómenos de decaimiento forestal se han asociado a la interacción de múltiples factores relacionados con el cambio global, como el aumento de las sequías o la mayor incidencia de factores bióticos que generan estrés. Sin embargo, el papel que juegan estos organismos en el decaimiento del bosque en relación a la sequía no está del todo comprendido. En este trabajo caracterizamos retrospectivamente los efectos que ejercen dichos organismos sobre el crecimiento radial de árboles estresados por sequía utilizando dendrocronología. El efecto combinado del muérdago y las sequías reducen el crecimiento del pino silvestre y aumentan la defoliación, siendo estos efectos más evidentes en el ápice del árbol. La procesionaria induce pérdidas de crecimiento en pino laricio, pero en general se observa una recuperación dos años después. No encontramos un papel determinante de los hongos patógenos de raíz en el decaimiento del abeto. Finalmente, pinos carrasco muertos que presentaban ataques de insectos perforadores mostraron patrones de crecimiento similares a pinos vivos. Este estudio nos permite caracterizar algunos de los complejos y múltiples efectos de diferentes factores bióticos de estrés sobre el crecimiento y la vulnerabilidad de los bosques susceptibles a los efectos negativos de las sequías.Purpose: When speaking about juvenile violence and delinquency, most experts believe that the best solution is the development of preventive programs and, specifically, primary and early intervention through more comprehensive social policies. The purpose of this article is to present some Spanish findings of a European research on prevention of the juvenile delinquency, YouPrev. Mainly the gap between the ideal of the prevention as a means to avoid troubles and the little ideas to implement these ideals. At the same time it shows the main reasons why Spain has not got a real policy prevention of juvenile delinquency. Design/Methods/Approach: This work compares some of the theoretical key factors in the prevention of juvenile delinquency by using a sample of experts and soliciting their views in all areas of intervention with juvenile delinquents: formal and non-formal education, juvenile justice, police, child protection, health, etc., within the framework of the European project YouPrev. Two workshops (of 14 or 15 participants) and 20 semistructured interviews were conducted in which, among others, the subject of the prevention of juvenile delinquency was addressed, both from an analytical and a purposive point of view. Findings: In both interviews and discussion groups, experts in juvenile violence demonstrate clearly that their proposals do not manage to go beyond the idealistic level. They find structural obstacles to the improvement of the effects of preventive interventions on young people. This is the case for all the experts both in coordination and networking and even in the evaluation of programs with no clear goals. Research Limitations/Implications: The research results have implications for policy making in the fields of juvenile delinquency prevention. Practical Implications: The article is also useful for social and judicial operators dealing with the young people in different areas (health, education, justice). Originality/Value: The research presented in this article is showing the main obstacles to a effective prevention policy of juvenile crime and violence.
000061932 540__ $$9info:eu-repo/semantics/openAccess$$aby-nc-nd$$uhttp://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/3.0/es/
000061932 655_4 $$ainfo:eu-repo/semantics/article$$vinfo:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion
000061932 700__ $$aJiménez Franco, Daniel
000061932 7102_ $$14010$$2381$$aUniversidad de Zaragoza$$bDepartamento de Derecho Penal, Filosofía del Derecho e Historia del Derecho$$cFilosofía del Derecho
000061932 773__ $$g15, 4 (2013), 494-509$$pVarstvoslovje$$tVarstvoslovje$$x1580-0253
000061932 85641 $$uhttps://www.fvv.um.si/rv/arhiv/2013-4/05_JuvenileViolencePrevention_2013_04_05-E.html$$zTexto completo de la revista
000061932 8564_ $$s474258$$uhttps://zaguan.unizar.es/record/61932/files/texto_completo.pdf$$yVersión publicada
000061932 8564_ $$s69449$$uhttps://zaguan.unizar.es/record/61932/files/texto_completo.jpg?subformat=icon$$xicon$$yVersión publicada
000061932 909CO $$ooai:zaguan.unizar.es:61932$$particulos$$pdriver
000061932 951__ $$a2017-08-30-08:45:53
000061932 980__ $$aARTICLE