000062843 001__ 62843
000062843 005__ 20170922120720.0
000062843 0247_ $$2doi$$a10.2495/SD150211
000062843 0248_ $$2sideral$$a92361
000062843 037__ $$aART-2015-92361
000062843 041__ $$aeng
000062843 100__ $$aOsorio Tejada, Jose Luis
000062843 245__ $$aLNG: an alternative fuel for road freight transport in Europe
000062843 260__ $$c2015
000062843 5060_ $$aAccess copy available to the general public$$fUnrestricted
000062843 5203_ $$aCurrently, energy consumption in the worldwide transport sector depends on 92.8% oil fuels. This dependency, among other problems, produces high levels of harmful emissions, which makes it necessary to increase the use of less polluting and more cost-effective alternative sources as natural gas. Furthermore, this alternative fuel must have autonomy, security and as optimal storage volume as the natural gas use in liquid state. This paper reviews the liquefied natural gas (LNG) use advantages over other fuels and analyses its introduction prospects in the transport sector in Europe, specifically in road freight transport. Natural gas (NG) technology for transportation is mature and extended through the compressed use (CNG) in urban light vehicles. However, CNG has not been attractive for extra-urban use mainly by the limited energy storage volume and difficulties for NG stations installation. For this problem, a LNG vehicle with the same fuel tank size could travel up to 2.4 times the distance compared with CNG. LNG in heavy-duty trucks reduces GHG emissions per kilometre up to 20% and almost 100% SOx and particulate matter, as well the noise in inner cities, compared to diesel trucks. An additional advantage is the operation cost savings that would give a LNG conversion payback between 1 and 3 years. The European Union has promoted the construction of LNG stations by the TEN-T programme and projects as the ‘LNG Blue Corridors’ in order to create a road network with LNG stations each 400 km. In addition, the world natural gas reserves would ensure the energy supply for the transport sector in Europe. Hence, the LNG for road freight transport is a potential alternative to replace the traditional fuels in the short to medium term.
000062843 540__ $$9info:eu-repo/semantics/openAccess$$aby-nc-nd$$uhttp://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/3.0/es/
000062843 655_4 $$ainfo:eu-repo/semantics/article$$vinfo:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion
000062843 700__ $$0(orcid)0000-0002-6103-7136$$aLlera, Eva$$uUniversidad de Zaragoza
000062843 700__ $$0(orcid)0000-0001-7077-5352$$aScarpellini, Sabina$$uUniversidad de Zaragoza
000062843 7102_ $$14002$$2230$$aUniversidad de Zaragoza$$bDepartamento de Contabilidad y Finanzas$$cEconomía Financiera y Contabilidad
000062843 7102_ $$15004$$2590$$aUniversidad de Zaragoza$$bDepartamento de Ingeniería Mecánica$$cMáquinas y Motores Térmicos
000062843 773__ $$g168, 1 (2015), 235-246$$pWIT transactions built environ.$$tWIT Transactions on The Built Environment. Sustainable Development$$x1746-4498
000062843 8564_ $$s303092$$uhttps://zaguan.unizar.es/record/62843/files/texto_completo.pdf$$yVersión publicada
000062843 8564_ $$s55513$$uhttps://zaguan.unizar.es/record/62843/files/texto_completo.jpg?subformat=icon$$xicon$$yVersión publicada
000062843 909CO $$ooai:zaguan.unizar.es:62843$$particulos$$pdriver
000062843 951__ $$a2017-09-21-14:57:51
000062843 980__ $$aARTICLE