000063294 001__ 63294
000063294 005__ 20171129112117.0
000063294 0247_ $$2doi$$a10.1371/journal.pone.0086622
000063294 0248_ $$2sideral$$a100153
000063294 037__ $$aART-2014-100153
000063294 041__ $$aeng
000063294 100__ $$aSoler, J.
000063294 245__ $$aRelationship between meditative practice and self-reported mindfulness: The MINDSENS composite index
000063294 260__ $$c2014
000063294 5060_ $$aAccess copy available to the general public$$fUnrestricted
000063294 5203_ $$aMindfulness has been described as an inherent human capability that can be learned and trained, and its improvement has been associated with better health outcomes in both medicine and psychology. Although the role of practice is central to most mindfulness programs, practice-related improvements in mindfulness skills is not consistently reported and little is known about how the characteristics of meditative practice affect different components of mindfulness. The present study explores the role of practice parameters on self-reported mindfulness skills. A total of 670 voluntary participants with and without previous meditation experience (n = 384 and n = 286, respectively) responded to an internet-based survey on various aspects of their meditative practice (type of meditation, length of session, frequency, and lifetime practice). Participants also completed the Five Facets Mindfulness Questionnaire (FFMQ), and the Experiences Questionnaire (EQ). The group with meditation experience obtained significantly higher scores on all facets of FFMQ and EQ questionnaires compared to the group without experience. However different effect sizes were observed, with stronger effects for the Observing and Non-Reactivity facets of the FFMQ, moderate effects for Decentering in EQ, and a weak effect for Non-judging, Describing, and Acting with awareness on the FFMQ. Our results indicate that not all practice variables are equally relevant in terms of developing mindfulness skills. Frequency and lifetime practice - but not session length or meditation type - were associated with higher mindfulness skills. Given that these 6 mindfulness aspects show variable sensitivity to practice, we created a composite index (MINDSENS) consisting of those items from FFMQ and EQ that showed the strongest response to practice. The MINDSENS index was able to correctly discriminate daily meditators from non-meditators in 82.3% of cases. These findings may contribute to the understanding of the development of mindfulness skills and support trainers and researchers in improving mindfulness-oriented practices and programs.
000063294 540__ $$9info:eu-repo/semantics/openAccess$$aby$$uhttp://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/es/
000063294 590__ $$a3.234$$b2014
000063294 591__ $$aMULTIDISCIPLINARY SCIENCES$$b9 / 57 = 0.158$$c2014$$dQ1$$eT1
000063294 655_4 $$ainfo:eu-repo/semantics/article$$vinfo:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion
000063294 700__ $$aCebolla, A.
000063294 700__ $$aFeliu-Soler, A.
000063294 700__ $$aDemarzo, M. M. P.
000063294 700__ $$aPascual, J. C.
000063294 700__ $$aBaños, R.
000063294 700__ $$0(orcid)0000-0002-3797-4218$$aGarcía-Campayo, J.$$uUniversidad de Zaragoza
000063294 7102_ $$11007$$2745$$aUniversidad de Zaragoza$$bDepartamento de Medicina, Psiquiatría y Dermatología$$cPsiquiatría
000063294 773__ $$g9, 1 (2014), e86622 [7 pp]$$pPLoS One$$tPLoS One$$x1932-6203
000063294 8564_ $$s166597$$uhttps://zaguan.unizar.es/record/63294/files/texto_completo.pdf$$yVersión publicada
000063294 8564_ $$s131007$$uhttps://zaguan.unizar.es/record/63294/files/texto_completo.jpg?subformat=icon$$xicon$$yVersión publicada
000063294 909CO $$ooai:zaguan.unizar.es:63294$$particulos$$pdriver
000063294 951__ $$a2017-11-28-12:45:48
000063294 980__ $$aARTICLE