000063308 001__ 63308
000063308 005__ 20171130135648.0
000063308 0247_ $$2doi$$a10.1371/journal.pone.0083700
000063308 0248_ $$2sideral$$a85880
000063308 037__ $$aART-2013-85880
000063308 041__ $$aeng
000063308 100__ $$0(orcid)0000-0002-9437-4606$$aMolina, J. Alberto$$uUniversidad de Zaragoza
000063308 245__ $$aGender Differences in Cooperation: Experimental Evidence on High School Students
000063308 260__ $$c2013
000063308 5060_ $$aAccess copy available to the general public$$fUnrestricted
000063308 5203_ $$aThe emergence of cooperation among unrelated human subjects is a long-standing conundrum that has been amply studied both theoretically and experimentally. Within the question, a less explored issue relates to the gender dependence of cooperation, which can be traced back to Darwin, who stated that "women are less selfish but men are more competitive". Indeed, gender has been shown to be relevant in several game theoretical paradigms of social cooperativeness, including prisoner's dilemma, snowdrift and ultimatum/dictator games, but there is no consensus as to which gender is more cooperative. We here contribute to this literature by analyzing the role of gender in a repeated Prisoners' Dilemma played by Spanish high-school students in both a square lattice and a heterogeneous network. While the experiment was conducted to shed light on the influence of networks on the emergence of cooperation, we benefit from the availability of a large dataset of more 1200 participants. We applied different standard econometric techniques to this dataset, including Ordinary Least Squares and Linear Probability models including random effects. All our analyses indicate that being male is negatively associated with the level of cooperation, this association being statistically significant at standard levels. We also obtain a gender difference in the level of cooperation when we control for the unobserved heterogeneity of individuals, which indicates that the gender gap in cooperation favoring female students is present after netting out this effect from other socio-demographics factors not controlled for in the experiment, and from gender differences in risk, social and competitive preferences.
000063308 536__ $$9info:eu-repo/grantAgreement/ES/MINECO/ECO2012-34828
000063308 540__ $$9info:eu-repo/semantics/openAccess$$aby$$uhttp://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/es/
000063308 590__ $$a3.534$$b2013
000063308 591__ $$aMULTIDISCIPLINARY SCIENCES$$b8 / 56 = 0.143$$c2013$$dQ1$$eT1
000063308 655_4 $$ainfo:eu-repo/semantics/article$$vinfo:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion
000063308 700__ $$0(orcid)0000-0002-1610-5451$$aGiménez-Nadal, J. Ignacio$$uUniversidad de Zaragoza
000063308 700__ $$aCuesta, José A.
000063308 700__ $$0(orcid)0000-0002-9769-8796$$aGracia-Lazaro, Carlos
000063308 700__ $$0(orcid)0000-0002-0895-1893$$aMoreno, Yamir$$uUniversidad de Zaragoza
000063308 700__ $$aSanchez, Angel
000063308 7102_ $$14000$$2415$$aUniversidad de Zaragoza$$bDepartamento de Análisis Económico$$cFundamentos del Análisis Económico
000063308 7102_ $$12004$$2405$$aUniversidad de Zaragoza$$bDepartamento de Física Teórica$$cFísica Teórica
000063308 773__ $$g8, 12 (2013), e83700 [10 pp]$$pPLoS One$$tPLoS One$$x1932-6203
000063308 8564_ $$s546525$$uhttps://zaguan.unizar.es/record/63308/files/texto_completo.pdf$$yVersión publicada
000063308 8564_ $$s138930$$uhttps://zaguan.unizar.es/record/63308/files/texto_completo.jpg?subformat=icon$$xicon$$yVersión publicada
000063308 909CO $$ooai:zaguan.unizar.es:63308$$particulos$$pdriver
000063308 951__ $$a2017-11-30-13:53:56
000063308 980__ $$aARTICLE