Effects of Protonation, Hydroxylamination, and Hydrazination of g-C3N4 on the Performance of Matrimid®/g-C3N4 Membranes
Resumen: One of the challenges to continue improving polymeric membranes properties involves the development of novel chemically modified fillers, such as nitrogen-rich 2-D nanomaterials. Graphitic carbon nitride (g-C3N4) has attracted significant interest as a new class of these fillers. Protonation is known to afford it desirable functionalities to form unique architectures for various applications. In the work presented herein, doping of Matrimid® with protonated g-C3N4 to yield Matrimid®/g-C3N4 mixed matrix membranes was found to improve gas separation by enhancing the selectivity for CO2/CH4 by up to 36.9% at 0.5 wt % filler doping. With a view to further enhancing the contribution of g-C3N4 to the performance of the composite membrane, oxygen plasma and hydrazine monohydrate treatments were also assayed as alternatives to protonation. Hydroxylamination by oxygen plasma treatment increased the selectivity for CO2/CH4 by up to 52.2% (at 2 wt % doping) and that for O2/N2 by up to 26.3% (at 0.5 wt % doping). Hydrazination led to lower enhancements in CO2/CH4 separation, by up to 11.4%. This study suggests that chemically-modified g-C3N4 may hold promise as an additive for modifying the surface of Matrimid® and other membranes.
Idioma: Inglés
DOI: 10.3390/nano8121010
Año: 2018
Publicado en: Nanomaterials 8, 12 (2018), 1010 [13 pp.]
ISSN: 2079-4991

Factor impacto JCR: 4.034 (2018)
Categ. JCR: MATERIALS SCIENCE, MULTIDISCIPLINARY rank: 71 / 293 = 0.242 (2018) - Q1 - T1
Categ. JCR: NANOSCIENCE & NANOTECHNOLOGY rank: 39 / 94 = 0.415 (2018) - Q2 - T2

Factor impacto SCIMAGO: 0.896 - Materials Science (miscellaneous) (Q1) - Chemical Engineering (miscellaneous) (Q1)

Financiación: info:eu-repo/grantAgreement/EUR/LIFE/15 ENV/ES/000284
Financiación: info:eu-repo/grantAgreement/ES/MINECO/MAT2016-76413-C2-R1
Financiación: info:eu-repo/grantAgreement/ES/MINECO/MAT2016-76413-C2-R2
Tipo y forma: Article (Published version)
Área (Departamento): Area Ingeniería Agroforestal (Dpto. CC.Agrar.y Medio Natural)

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