Sustainable materials with enhanced mechanical properties based on industrial polyhydroxyalkanoates reinforced with organomodified sepiolite and montmorillonite
Resumen: Microplastics have become one of the greatest environmental challenges worldwide. To turn this dramatic damage around, EU regulators now want to ensure that plastic itself is fully recyclable or biodegradable. The aim of the present work is to develop a biobased and biodegradable biocomposite based on commercial polyhydroxyalkanoates (PHAs) and nanoclays, with the objective of achieving a reduction of rancid odour while avoiding any loss in thermomechanical properties, thus tackling two key disadvantages of PHAs. This research aims at completely characterising the structural, thermal and mechanical behaviour of the formulations developed, understanding the compatibility mechanisms in order to be able to assess the best commercial combinations for industrial applications in the packaging and automotive sectors. We report the development of nine nanobiocomposite materials based on three types of commercial PHA matrices: a linear poly(3-hydroxybutyrate) (P3HB); two copolymers based on poly(3-hydroxybutyrate)-co-poly(4-hydroxybutyrate) (P3HB-co-P4HB); and nanoclays, which represent a different polar behaviour. Dispersion achieved is highly relevant compared with literature results. Our findings show impressive mechanical enhancements, in particular for P3HB reinforced with sepiolite modified via aminosilanes.
Idioma: Inglés
DOI: 10.3390/polym11040696
Año: 2019
Publicado en: Polymers 11, 4 (2019), Art. 696 [19 p]
ISSN: 2073-4360

Factor impacto JCR: 3.426 (2019)
Categ. JCR: POLYMER SCIENCE rank: 16 / 89 = 0.18 (2019) - Q1 - T1
Factor impacto SCIMAGO: 0.704 - Polymers and Plastics (Q1) - Chemistry (miscellaneous) (Q2)

Financiación: info:eu-repo/grantAgreement/ES/DGA/T08-17R
Tipo y forma: Article (Published version)
Área (Departamento): Área Ingeniería Mecánica (Dpto. Ingeniería Mecánica)

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