Prevalence of severe/morbid obesity and other weight status and anthropometric reference standards in Spanish preschool children: The PREFIT project
Resumen: Background: Childhood obesity has become a major health problem in children under the age of 5 years. Providing reference standards would help paediatricians to detect and/or prevent health problems related to both low and high levels of body mass and to central adiposity later in life. Therefore, the aim of this study was to examine the prevalence of different weight status categories and to provide sex- and age-specific anthropometry reference standards for Spanish preschool children.
Methods: A total of 3178 preschool children (4.59±0.87 years old) participated in this study. Prevalence of different degrees of obesity (mild, severe, and morbid) and other weight status categories were determined.
Results: Reference standards were obtained. Prevalence of overweight and obese preschool children in the Spanish population ranged from 21.4 to 34.8%. Specifically, the obesity prevalence was 3.5, 1.2, and 1.3% of these subjects were categorized as mild, severe, and morbid obese. Sex- and age-specific reference standards for anthropometric parameters are provided for every 0.25 years (i.e. every trimester of life).
Conclusion: Our results show a high prevalence of overweight/obese preschoolers. The provided sex- and age-specific anthropometric reference standards could help paediatricians to track and monitor anthropometric changes at this early stage in order to prevent overweight/obesity.

Idioma: Inglés
DOI: 10.1038/s41390-019-0325-8
Año: 2020
Publicado en: Pediatric research 87, 3 (2020), 501-510
ISSN: 0031-3998

Factor impacto JCR: 3.756 (2020)
Categ. JCR: PEDIATRICS rank: 17 / 129 = 0.132 (2020) - Q1 - T1
Factor impacto SCIMAGO: 1.056 - Pediatrics, Perinatology and Child Health (Q1)

Financiación: info:eu-repo/grantAgreement/ES/MEC/FPU13-04365
Financiación: info:eu-repo/grantAgreement/ES/MINECO/BES-2014-068829
Financiación: info:eu-repo/grantAgreement/ES/MINECO/FPU13-03137
Financiación: info:eu-repo/grantAgreement/ES/MINECO/FPU15-05337
Financiación: info:eu-repo/grantAgreement/ES/MINECO/RYC-2011-09011
Financiación: info:eu-repo/grantAgreement/ES/MINECO/RYC-2014-16390
Tipo y forma: Article (PostPrint)
Área (Departamento): Área Enfermería (Dpto. Fisiatría y Enfermería)
Área (Departamento): Área Educación Física y Depor. (Dpto. Fisiatría y Enfermería)

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