000084310 001__ 84310
000084310 005__ 20201113142450.0
000084310 0247_ $$2doi$$a10.1093/nutrit/nuy045
000084310 0248_ $$2sideral$$a108396
000084310 037__ $$aART-2018-108396
000084310 041__ $$aeng
000084310 100__ $$0(orcid)0000-0003-4242-5464$$aIguacel, Isabel$$uUniversidad de Zaragoza
000084310 245__ $$aVeganism, vegetarianism, bone mineral density, and fracture risk: a systematic review and meta-analysis
000084310 260__ $$c2018
000084310 5060_ $$aAccess copy available to the general public$$fUnrestricted
000084310 5203_ $$aContext
The numbers of vegans and vegetarians have increased in the last decades. However, the impact of these diets on bone health is still under debate.
This systematic review and meta-analysis sought to study the impact of vegetarian and vegan diets on bone mineral density (BMD) and fracture risk.
Data Sources
A systematic search was conducted of PubMed, Scopus, and Science Direct, covering the period from the respective start date of each database to November 2017.
Data Extraction
Two investigators evaluated 275 studies against the inclusion criteria (original studies in humans, written in English or Spanish and including vegetarian or vegan diets and omnivorous diets as factors with BMD values for the whole body, lumbar spine, or femoral neck and/or the number of fractures as the outcome) and exclusion criteria (articles that did not include imaging or studies that included participants who had suffered a fracture before starting the vegetarian or vegan diet). The quality assessment tool for observational cohort and cross-sectional studies was used to assess the quality of the studies.
Twenty studies including 37 134 participants met the inclusion criteria. Compared with omnivores, vegetarians and vegans had lower BMD at the femoral neck and lumbar spine and vegans also had higher fracture rates.
Vegetarian and vegan diets should be planned to avoid negative consequences on bone health.
000084310 536__ $$9info:eu-repo/grantAgreement/ES/MEC/FPU014-00922
000084310 540__ $$9info:eu-repo/semantics/openAccess$$aAll rights reserved$$uhttp://www.europeana.eu/rights/rr-f/
000084310 590__ $$a5.779$$b2018
000084310 591__ $$aNUTRITION & DIETETICS$$b8 / 86 = 0.093$$c2018$$dQ1$$eT1
000084310 592__ $$a2.319$$b2018
000084310 593__ $$aNutrition and Dietetics$$c2018$$dQ1
000084310 593__ $$aMedicine (miscellaneous)$$c2018$$dQ1
000084310 655_4 $$ainfo:eu-repo/semantics/article$$vinfo:eu-repo/semantics/acceptedVersion
000084310 700__ $$0(orcid)0000-0002-2411-9538$$aMiguel-Berges, Maria Luisa$$uUniversidad de Zaragoza
000084310 700__ $$0(orcid)0000-0002-0520-1640$$aGómez-Bruton, Alejandro$$uUniversidad de Zaragoza
000084310 700__ $$0(orcid)0000-0003-0454-653X$$aMoreno, Luis Alberto$$uUniversidad de Zaragoza
000084310 700__ $$0(orcid)0000-0002-8374-3410$$aJulian, Cristina
000084310 7102_ $$11006$$2255$$aUniversidad de Zaragoza$$bDpto. Fisiatría y Enfermería$$cÁrea Enfermería
000084310 7102_ $$11006$$2245$$aUniversidad de Zaragoza$$bDpto. Fisiatría y Enfermería$$cÁrea Educación Física y Depor.
000084310 773__ $$g77, 1 (2018), 1-18$$pNutr. rev.$$tNUTRITION REVIEWS$$x0029-6643
000084310 8564_ $$s950749$$uhttps://zaguan.unizar.es/record/84310/files/texto_completo.pdf$$yPostprint
000084310 8564_ $$s104367$$uhttps://zaguan.unizar.es/record/84310/files/texto_completo.jpg?subformat=icon$$xicon$$yPostprint
000084310 909CO $$ooai:zaguan.unizar.es:84310$$particulos$$pdriver
000084310 951__ $$a2020-11-13-14:09:44
000084310 980__ $$aARTICLE