Higher socioeconomic status is related to healthier levels of fatness and fitness already at 3 to 5 years of age: The PREFIT project: Relation between socioeconomic status, fatness and fitness in preschoolers
Resumen: This study aimed to analyse the association between socioeconomic status (SES) and fatness and fitness in preschoolers. 2, 638 preschoolers (3–5 years old; 47.2% girls) participated. SES was estimated from the parental educational and occupational levels, and the marital status. Fatness was assessed by body mass index (BMI), waist circumference (WC), and waist-to-height ratio (WHtR). Physical fitness components were assessed using the PREFIT battery. Preschoolers whose parents had higher educational levels had lower fatness (P < 0.05). BMI significantly differed across occupational levels of each parent (P < 0.05) and WHtR across paternal levels (P = 0.004). Musculoskeletal fitness was different across any SES factor (P < 0.05), except handgrip across paternal occupational levels (P = 0.05). Preschoolers with high paternal occupation had higher speed/agility (P = 0.005), and those with high or low maternal education had higher VO2max (P = 0.046). Odds of being obese and having low musculoskeletal fitness was lower as SES was higher (P < 0.05). Those with married parents had higher cardiorespiratory fitness than single-parent ones (P = 0.010). School-based interventions should be aware of that children with low SES are at a higher risk of obesity and low fitness already in the first years of life.
Idioma: Inglés
DOI: 10.1080/02640414.2018.1558509
Año: 2018
Publicado en: Journal of Sports Sciences 37, 12 (2018), 1327 - 1337
ISSN: 0264-0414

Factor impacto JCR: 2.811 (2018)
Categ. JCR: SPORT SCIENCES rank: 20 / 83 = 0.241 (2018) - Q1 - T1
Factor impacto SCIMAGO: 1.227 - Orthopedics and Sports Medicine (Q1) - Sports Science (Q1) - Physical Therapy, Sports Therapy and Rehabilitation (Q1)

Financiación: info:eu-repo/grantAgreement/ES/MEC/FPU14-06837
Financiación: info:eu-repo/grantAgreement/ES/MINECO/BES-2014-068829
Financiación: info:eu-repo/grantAgreement/ES/MINECO/RYC-2011-09011
Tipo y forma: Article (PostPrint)
Área (Departamento): Área Educación Física y Depor. (Dpto. Fisiatría y Enfermería)

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