Dynamics and collective phenomena of social systems
Gracia Lázaro
Carlos
2013
This thesis focuses on the study of social systems through methods of theoretical physics, in particular proceedings of statistical physics and complex systems, as well as mathematical tools like game theory and complex networks. There already ex- ists predictive and analysis methods to address these problems in sociology, but the contribution of physics provides new perspectives and complementary and powerful tools. This approach is particularly useful in problems involving stochastic aspects and nonlinear dynamics. The contribution of physics to social systems provides not only prediction procedures, but new insights, especially in the study of emergent properties that arise from holistic approaches. We study social systems by introducing different agent-based models (ABM). When possible, the models are analyzed using mathematical methods of physics, in order to achieve analytical solutions. In addition to a theoretical approach, experi- mental treatment is performed via computer simulations both through Monte Carlo methods and deterministic or mixed procedures. This working method has proved very fruitful for the study of several open problems. The book is structured as follows. This introduction presents the mathematical formalisms used in the investigations, which are structured in two parts: in part I we deal with the emergence of cooperation, while in part II we analyze cultural dynamics under the perspective of tolerance.
BOOK