Assessment of conjugate complexes of chitosan and Urtica dioica or Equisetum arvense extracts for the control of grapevine trunk pathogens
Resumen: In the work presented herein, we analyze the efficacy of three basic substances that comply with European Regulation (EC) No 1107/2009, namely chitosan, horsetail (Equisetum arvense L.) and nettle (Urtica dioica L.), for the control of grapevine trunk diseases (GTDs) in organic farming. The E. arvense and U. dioica aqueous extracts, prepared according to SANCO/12386/2013 and SANTE/11809/2016, have been studied by gas chromatography–mass spectrometry (GC-MS), identifying their main active constituents. The three basic substances, either alone or in combination (forming conjugate complexes), have been tested in vitro against eight Botryosphaeriaceae species, and in vivo, in grafted plants artificially inoculated with Neofusicoccum parvum and Diplodia seriata. A clear synergistic behavior between chitosan and the two plant extracts has been observed in the mycelial growth inhibition tests (resulting in EC90 values as low as 208 μg·mL−1 for some of the isolates), and statistically significant differences have been found in terms of vascular necroses lengths between treated and non-treated plants, providing further evidence of aforementioned synergism in the case of D. seriata. The reported data supports the possibility of extending the applications of these three basic substances in Viticulture beyond the treatment of mildew.
Idioma: Inglés
DOI: 10.3390/agronomy11050976
Año: 2021
Publicado en: Agronomy 11, 5 (2021), 976 [16 pp.]
ISSN: 2073-4395

Factor impacto JCR: 3.949 (2021)
Categ. JCR: PLANT SCIENCES rank: 55 / 240 = 0.229 (2021) - Q1 - T1
Categ. JCR: AGRONOMY rank: 18 / 90 = 0.2 (2021) - Q1 - T1

Factor impacto CITESCORE: 3.9 - Agricultural and Biological Sciences (Q2)

Factor impacto SCIMAGO: 0.654 - Agronomy and Crop Science (Q1)

Tipo y forma: Artículo (Versión definitiva)

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