Activity of anthracenediones and flavoring phenols in hydromethanolic extracts of Rubia tinctorum against grapevine phytopathogenic fungi
Resumen: In this work, the chemical composition of Rubia tinctorum root hydromethanolic extract was analyzed by GC–MS, and over 50 constituents were identified. The main phytochemicals were alizarin-related anthraquinones and flavoring phenol compounds. The antifungal activity of this extract, alone and in combination with chitosan oligomers (COS) or with stevioside, was evaluated against the pathogenic taxa Diplodia seriata, Dothiorella viticola and Neofusicoccum parvum, responsible for the so-called Botryosphaeria dieback of grapevine. In vitro mycelial growth inhibition tests showed remarkable activity for the pure extract, with EC50 and EC90 values as low as 66 and 88 μg·mL−1, respectively. Nonetheless, enhanced activity was attained upon the formation of conjugate complexes with COS or with stevioside, with synergy factors of up to 5.4 and 3.3, respectively, resulting in EC50 and EC90 values as low as 22 and 56 μg·mL−1, respectively. The conjugate with the best performance (COS–R. tinctorum extract) was then assayed ex situ on autoclaved grapevine wood against D. seriata, confirming its antifungal behavior on this plant material. Finally, the same conjugate was evaluated in greenhouse assays on grafted grapevine plants artificially inoculated with the three aforementioned fungal species, resulting in a significant reduction in the infection rate in all cases. This natural antifungal compound represents a promising alternative for developing sustainable control methods against grapevine trunk diseases
Idioma: Inglés
DOI: 10.3390/plants10081527
Año: 2021
Publicado en: Plants 10, 8 (2021), 1527 [17 pp.]
ISSN: 2223-7747

Factor impacto JCR: 4.658 (2021)
Categ. JCR: PLANT SCIENCES rank: 39 / 240 = 0.162 (2021) - Q1 - T1
Factor impacto CITESCORE: 3.6 - Environmental Science (Q2) - Agricultural and Biological Sciences (Q2)

Factor impacto SCIMAGO: 0.765 - Plant Science (Q1) - Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics (Q1)

Tipo y forma: Article (Published version)
Área (Departamento): Area Ingeniería Agroforestal (Dpto. CC.Agrar.y Medio Natural)
Área (Departamento): Área Producción Vegetal (Dpto. CC.Agrar.y Medio Natural)

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 Record created 2021-08-20, last modified 2023-05-19

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