Plant seeds as source of nutrients and phytochemicals for the Indian population
Resumen: Plant seeds are major sources of nutrients and bioactive compounds for human beings and vary acrossdifferent locations. In addition, they are under used foods that could be a good complement for the dailynutrition of people. Therefore, the aim of this study was the analysis of different physical parameters,nutrients and bioactive compounds of 60 plant seeds belonging to 48 species and 9 families. The seedswere collected in 2016–2017 in the Raipur area, India (21.25°N 81.63°E), from three different locations.Fat, protein, starch, total polyphenols and mineral contents ranged from 0.7 to 44.2, 1.6 to 68.5, 11.3 to84.0, 0.01 to 3.85 and 0.67 to 4.91 g/100 g (dry weight) respectively. Regarding physical properties, theheavier seeds were covered with thick testa over the range of 3.0 to 40% of the seed mass. Higher mois-ture and ash fractions for the starchy (cereal and pulses) and weed seeds were also found. The most abun-dant mineral elements in the seeds were P, S, K, Mg, Ca, Fe and Zn. Finally, it was calculated thecontribution of the consumption of seeds to the daily macronutrients and micronutrients intake for Indianpopulation, reaching up to 38, 13 and 25% for proteins, fat and carbohydrates respectively.
Idioma: Inglés
DOI: 10.1111/ijfs.15414
Año: 2021
Publicado en: INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF FOOD SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY (2021), [8] pp.
ISSN: 0950-5423

Tipo y forma: Artículo (Versión definitiva)
Área (Departamento): Area Ingeniería Agroforestal (Dpto. CC.Agrar.y Medio Natural)

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