A decision tool based on bilevel optimization for the allocation of water resources in a hierarchical system

Calvete, Herminia I. (Universidad de Zaragoza) ; Galé, Carmen (Universidad de Zaragoza) ; Iranzo, José A. (Universidad de Zaragoza) ; Mateo, Pedro M. (Universidad de Zaragoza)
A decision tool based on bilevel optimization for the allocation of water resources in a hierarchical system
Resumen: This paper addresses the optimal allocation of water among competing stakeholders during a finite planning horizon. We focus on those water systems where there are two levels of decision making organized according to a hierarchical framework. At the upper level, a central authority allocates water to demand points having regard to environmental and sustainability issues as well as balancing water users' supply/demand. At the lower level of the hierarchy, demand point managers allocate water to users prioritizing economic strategies. On the other hand, when it comes to allocating limited resources that affect public welfare, the authority in charge can also use different political instruments such as fees to influence the decisions made at those levels of decision making that are not directly within its competence. We propose a multiobjective multifollower bilevel optimization problem that aims to fulfill the central authority goals while including the reaction of the demand point managers in terms of optimization problems as constraints. Using the well-known Karush–Kuhn–Tucker approach, we transform the bilevel model into an equivalent multiobjective mixed-integer single-level model for which we provide tight big-M values. For the purpose of showing the versatility of the model, extensive computational experiments on a set of instances have been carried out. The results show that the optimization problem can be solved to optimality in small computing times using off-the-shelf mixed-integer solvers even for complex water systems and long planning periods. In addition, they illustrate the effect of imposing fees on the achievement of the central authority's objectives.
Idioma: Inglés
DOI: 10.1111/itor.12943
Año: 2023
ISSN: 0969-6016

Factor impacto JCR: 3.1 (2023)
Categ. JCR: MANAGEMENT rank: 171 / 401 = 0.426 (2023) - Q2 - T2
Categ. JCR: OPERATIONS RESEARCH & MANAGEMENT SCIENCE rank: 34 / 106 = 0.321 (2023) - Q2 - T1

Factor impacto CITESCORE: 7.4 - - -

Factor impacto SCIMAGO: 1.027 - Business and International Management (Q1) - Computer Science Applications (Q1) - Strategy and Management (Q1) - Management Science and Operations Research (Q1) - Management of Technology and Innovation (Q2)

Financiación: info:eu-repo/grantAgreement/ES/DGA/E41-20R
Financiación: info:eu-repo/grantAgreement/ES/DGA-FEDER/Construyendo Europa desde Aragón
Financiación: info:eu-repo/grantAgreement/ES/DGA-FEDER/E41-17R
Financiación: info:eu-repo/grantAgreement/ES/MICINN/PID2019-104263RB-C43
Financiación: info:eu-repo/grantAgreement/ES/MINECO/ECO2016-76567-C4-3-R
Tipo y forma: Article (PostPrint)
Área (Departamento): Área Estadís. Investig. Opera. (Dpto. Métodos Estadísticos)

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